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Table 3 Perceived changes in behavior and QOL among 1850 participants. Shown are perceived changes reported at questionnaire completion (questionnaire return May 13th to Aug 26th, 2020) to before Feb 1st, 2020. Sensitivity analyses restricting to the 1734 immediate responders (return until June 12th, 2020) showed the same (Supplementary Table 4)

From: Changes in healthcare seeking and lifestyle in old aged individuals during COVID-19 lockdown in Germany: the population-based AugUR study

Perceived changes
(now vs. before pandemic)
Overalla
n = 1850
Women
n = 972
Men
n = 878
Age 73-79
at survey
n = 829
Age 80+
at survey
n = 1021
Refraining from medical cons.
 No % (n) 71.1 (1213) 68.0 (598) 74.5 (615) 71.7 (562) 70.7 (651)
 Yes, % (n) 28.9 (492) 32.0 (282) 25.5 (210) 28.3 (222) 29.3 (270)
  Rescheduling, % (n) 21.5 (367) 23.1 (203) 19.9 (164) 22.4 (176) 20.7 (191)
  Despite acute need, % (n) 0.9 (16) 1.1 (10) 0.7 (6) 0.9 (7) 1.0 (9)
  Despite regular, % (n) 6.4 (109) 7.8 (69) 4.8 (40) 5.0 (39) 7.6 (70)
Using public transport
 Less, % (n) 555 (33.1) 350 (40.1) 205 (25.5) 246 (32.0) 309 (34.0)
 Same, % (n) 1068 (63.7) 487 (55.8) 581 (72.2) 501 (65.1) 567 (62.4)
 More, % (n) 54 (3.2) 35 (4.0) 19 (2.4) 22 (2.9) 32 (3.5)
Doing errands
 Less, % (n) 754 (41.8) 473 (49.9) 281 (32.9) 344 (42.6) 410 (41.2)
 Same, % (n) 1025 (56.8) 466 (49.2) 559 (65.4) 451 (55.8) 574 (57.7)
 More, % (n) 24 (1.3) 9 (0.9) 15 (1.8) 13 (1.6) 11 (1.1)
Getting food delivered
 Less, % (n) 9 (0.5) 6 (0.7) 3 (0.4) 3 (0.4) 6 (0.7)
 Same, % (n) 1190 (70.7) 569 (66.1) 621 (75.5) 559 (72.8) 631 (68.9)
 More, % (n) 485 (28.8) 286 (33.2) 199 (24.2) 206 (26.8) 279 (30.5)
Physical activityb
 Less, % (n) 25.8 (456) 30.5 (281) 20.7 (175) 25.0 (200) 26.5 (256)
 Same, % (n) 72.1 (1273) 67.4 (620) 77.2 (653) 72.3 (579) 71.9 (694)
 More, % (n) 2.1 (37) 2.1 (19) 2.1 (18) 2.7 (22) 1.6 (15)
TV consumption
 More, % (n) 14.0 (259) 18.0 (169) 10.6 (90) 16.0 (129) 13.3 (130)
 Same, % (n) 81.0 (1498) 80.6 (755) 87.3 (743) 82.5 (666) 84.8 (832)
 Less, % (n) 1.7 (31) 1.4 (13) 2.1 (18) 1.5 (12) 1.9 (19)
Smokingc
 More, % (n) 7.4 (4) 10.7 (3) 3.8 (1) 11.8 (4) 0.0 (0)
 Same, % (n) 81.5 (44) 78.6 (22) 84.6 (22) 73.5 (25) 95.0 (19)
 Less, % (n) 11.1 (6) 10.7 (3) 11.5 (3) 14.7 (5) 5.0 (1)
Alcohol consumptiond
 More, % (n) 2.3 (39) 2.3 (16) 3.1 (23) 2.9 (19) 2.6 (20)
 Same, % (n) 94.8 (1350) 95.9 (661) 93.7 (689) 93.8 (618) 95.7 (732)
 Less, % (n) 2.0 (35) 1.7 (12) 3.1 (23) 3.3 (22) 1.7 (13)
Perceived QOL
 Worse, % (n) 38.3 (668) 40.7 (370) 35.6 (298) 39.7 (316) 37.1 (352)
 Same, % (n) 61.4 (1072) 59.0 (536) 64.1 (536) 60.1 (478) 62.6 (594)
 Better, % (n) 0.3 (5) 0.3 (3) 0.2 (2) 0.3 (2) 0.3 (3)
  1. atotal n is slightly different for each variable (n = sum of the respective rows to compute proportions). bIncluding bicycling, gardening, walking. cAmong current smoker as per survey (n = 54), defined as currently smoking ≥1 cigarette per day. dFor individuals with any alcohol consumption during the last 12 months (as per survey, n = 1424)