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Table 4 Within and between-group analysis in self-reported job satisfaction, person-centred care (PCC) and stress of conscience among staff

From: Effects of a person-centred and health-promoting intervention in home care services– a non-randomized controlled trial

  Intervention groupa Control groupb Intervention/
Controlb
n Baseline
M (Q1; Q3)
Follow-up
M (Q1; Q3)
p-value n Baseline
M (Q1; Q3)
Follow-up
M (Q1; Q3)
p-value p-value
Measure of job satisfaction (number of scores in scale)
 Overall job satisfaction (37–185) 17 131 (120; 140) 131 (116; 148) 0.733 22 123 (109; 136) 122 (111; 136) 0.468 0.804
  Personal satisfaction (10–50) 18 39 (37; 41) 39 (37; 41) 0.888 27 37 (31; 41) 38 (35; 42) 0.571 0.836
  Satisfaction with workload (7–35) 17 26 (20; 27) 25 (19; 28) 0.697 27 21 (17; 24) 21 (18; 24) 0.705 0.972
  Satisfaction with professional support (9–45) 18 34 (32; 38) 34 (31; 36) 0.795 28 34 (30; 38) 33 (31; 37) 0.980 0.892
  Satisfaction with pay (7–35) 18 20 (17; 24) 21 (16; 26) 0.864 25 21 (17; 24) 22 (17; 25) 0.955 0.881
  Satisfaction with training (4–20) 18 13 (12; 15) 13 (10; 16) 0.958 27 13 (10; 13) 12 (9; 15) 0.730 0.726
 Overall person-centred care (13–65) 18 44 (41; 49) 43 (39; 52) 0.756 25 45 (39; 51) 46 (41; 54) 0.432 0.937
  Personalizing care (7–35) 18 27 (24; 28) 27 (22; 31) 0.448 28 26 (23; 30) 26 (26; 29 0.853 0.306
  Organizational support (4–20) 18 12 (10; 16) 13 (10; 15) 0.855 27 13 (11; 15) 14 (11; 17) 0.234 0.308
  Environmental accessibility (2–10) 18 6 (6; 7) 6 (6; 7) 0.567 28 6 (5; 7) 7 (6; 8) 0.772 0.867
Stress of conscience (number of scores in scale)
 Overall stress of conscience (0–45) 17 7 (1.5; 14) 7 (2.75; 13) 0.123 25 18 (8; 23) 12 (7; 17.5) 0.037* 0.625
  How often do you lack time to provide the care the patient needs? 18 2 (0; 3.25) 1 (0; 3) 0.142 27 3 (2; 4) 3 (2; 4) 0.662 0.184
  Are you ever forced to provide care that feels wrong? 18 1.5 (0; 3) 1 (0; 2) 0.290 28 1 (0; 3) 1 (0.25; 2) 0.423 0.851
  Do you ever have to deal with incompatible demands in your work? 18 1.5 (0; 3) 1 (0; 3) 0.676 27 2 (1; 3) 2 (1; 3) 0.580 0.877
  Do you ever see patients being insulted and/or injured? 18 0 (0; 1) 0 (0; 1) 0.619 27 1 (0; 3) 0 (0; 1) 0.015* 0.086
  Do you ever find yourself avoiding patients or family members who need help or support? 18 0 (0; 0) 0 (0; 1) 0.417 29 0 (0; 1) 0 (0; 0) 0.117 0.062
  Is your private life ever so demanding that you do not have the energy to devote yourself to your work as you would like? 17 0 (0; 0) 0 (0; 1) 1 29 1 (0; 2.5) 0 (0; 2) 0.689 0.571
  Is your work in health care ever so demanding that you do not have the energy to devote yourself to your family the way you would like? 18 2 (0; 3) 1 (1; 3) 0.328 29 3 (1; 4) 3 (2; 4) 0.291 0.226
  Do you ever feel that you cannot live up to others’ expectations of your work? 17 0.5 (0; 2.25) 0 (0; 1.25) 0.435 28 2 (1; 3) 1 (0.25; 2.75) 0.267 0.922
  Do you ever lower your aspirations to provide good care? 17 0 (0; 3) 0.5 (0; 2) 0.596 25 2 (1; 3) 1 (0; 2) 0.057 0.214
  1. aWilcoxon signed-rank test; bMann-Whitney U-test
  2. *Significant difference p-value ≥0.05
  3. M Median, Q1 First quartile, Q3 Third quartile