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Table 2 Evaluation categories and criteria

From: Web-based software applications for frailty assessment in older adults: a scoping review of current status with insights into future development

Score Categorya 0 1 2 3
User Interface Unreadable or unfillable Poor readability, poor selection choices Good readability, poor selection choices OR poor readability, good selection choices Good readability, good selection choices
Data Saving Unable to save filled assessment form or results Able to save assessment results only Able to save filled assessment form and results Able to save filled assessment form and results, and reload assessments for edits
Number of Health Domains <  3 health domains included 3–6 health domains included 7–10 health domains included > 10 health domains included.
Number of Assessment Items <  14 items included 14–25 items included 26–37 items included > 37 items included
Cost Available for a fee or with subscription purchase Available with a free trial Available for free but payment required to access certain features Available for free or with a free account
Results Interpretation No interpretation or explanation of results provided Brief interpretation of results provided (<  5 words) Sufficient interpretation Detailed interpretation and/or additional information provided
Instructions and Training No instructions or training provided Minimal instructions provided within assessment Instruction manual or other training resources provided (e.g., video tutorial) Instructions provided within assessment along with additional training or instructional resources
Remote Conductance Cannot be completed virtually (i.e. includes mandatory items that cannot be completed remotely) Can be completed virtually with alterations (i.e. items that cannot be completed remotely are not mandatory) Can be completed virtually through video call (i.e. assessment includes items that require a video call) Can be completed virtually through phone call (i.e. assessment does not include items that require a video call)
Time Efficiency Not reported > 30 min on average 20–30 min on average < 20 min on average
Algorithm Efficiency Not reported Polynomial runtime complexity (≥ O(N3), O(N4), etc.) Quadratic runtime complexity (O(N2)) Linear or logarithmic runtime complexity (O(N) or O(log N))
Security No login/account security, data access security, or server security Includes one of: login/account security, data access security, or server security Includes two of: login/account security, data access security, or server security Includes login/account security, data access security, and server security
Environmental Requirements Dependant on multiple third-party applications; sophisticated hardware/software tools required to use the application (e.g. latest model of iPhone/iPad, minimum 8 GB of RAM) Few (< 3) external third-party applications are required for the tool operate; software is platform specific (e.g. only works on Windows/MAC/iOS/etc.) External software dependencies are packaged and installed with the assessment tool; software runs on all desktop operating systems or all smartphones (e.g. is available on Android and iOS) No external software dependencies exist for the software; software can be accessed and operated on all digital platforms.
Browser Requirements Compatible with minimum browsers (1). Compatible with limited browsers (2) Compatible with more browsers. (3–4) Compatible with most major browsers (≥5)
  1. a The scoring was based on the top portion of the categories above the bolded line