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Table 4 Results of Subgroup Analysis

From: Fall prevention in community-dwelling adults with mild to moderate cognitive impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Outcome Subgroup Analysis # studies SMD (95% CI) p-value for subgroup difference*
Balance
 INTERVENTION TYPE    0.44
  Exercise 6 0.85 (0.26, 1.43)  
  Medication 1 −0.04 (− 0.80, 0.71)  
  Multifactorial 2 0.52 (−0.77, 1.80)  
 RISK OF BIAS    0.35
  Low 2 1.28 (0.20, 2.36)  
  Unclear 5 0.40 (−0.24, 1.04)  
  High 2 0.77 (−0.22, 1.77)  
Perceived Risk of Falls
 INTERVENTION TYPE    0.93
  Exercise 5 −0.70 (− 1.02, − 0.37)  
  Multifactorial 3 −0.84 (− 2.42, 0.73)  
 RISK OF BIAS    0.84
  Low 2 −0.88 (− 1.67, − 0.08)  
  Unclear 4 −0.77 (− 1.32, − 0.22)  
  High 2 − 0.53 (− 1.41, 0.36)  
Gait Speed and Control
 INTERVENTION TYPE    0.27
  Exercise 3 0.15 (−0.08, 0.38)  
  Medication 1 0.42 (0.09, 0.75)  
  Multifactorial 2 −0.12 (−1.17, 0.93)  
 RISK OF BIAS    0.75
  Unclear 4 0.27 (0.03, 0.51)  
  High 2 0.21 (−0.12, 0.53)  
  1. *for meta-regression test for differences between groups
  2. BOLD denotes summary subgroup estimates that are statistically significant with p < 0.05
  3. SMD standardized mean difference, CI confidence interval