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Table 3 Benefits of Treatment; Results of Meta-Analysis by Outcome for Included Studies (n = 12)

From: Fall prevention in community-dwelling adults with mild to moderate cognitive impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Outcome # studies | N SMD (95% Confidence interval) GRADE rating
Falls (# events) 4 | 224 RR 0.99 (0.60, 1.65) LOW
downgraded for risk of bias and imprecision
Falls (incidence) 4 | 209 IR 0.90 (0.47, 1.71) LOW
downgraded for risk of bias and imprecision
Perceived Risk of Falls / Fear of Falling 8 | 263 Medium; −0.73 (−1.10, − 0.36) MODERATE
downgraded for risk of bias
Balance 9 | 318 Medium; 0.66 (0.19, 1.12) MODERATE
downgraded for risk of bias
Gait speed and control 6 | 194 Small; 0.26 (0.08, 0.43) MODERATE
downgraded for risk of bias
TUG 5 | 151 Medium; −0.56 (−0.94, − 0.17) MODERATE
downgraded for risk of bias
CST 2 | 70 No effect; 0.34 (−1.73, 1.06) VERY LOW downgraded for risk of bias and imprecision
  1. Bold denotes significance p < 0.05; N = total number of participants; SMD standardized mean difference, RR risk ratio, IR incidence rate, TUG timed up and go test, CST chair sit and stand test