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Table 1 Highlights of individual and clinical characteristics at entry into permanent residential aged care, by fall-related hospitalisations within 90 days or 365 days of entry

From: The risk of fall-related hospitalisations at entry into permanent residential aged care

Characteristics Total Fall within 90 days No fall within 90 days Fall within 365 days No fall within 365 days
Total, N(%) 32,316 1209(3.7) 31,107(96.3) 3156(9.8) 29,160(90.2)
Median Age (IQR), years 85(80-89) 85(81-89) 85(80-89) 85(81-89) 84(79-89)
  N(%) N(%) N(%) N(%) N(%)
Sex
 Women 20,757(64.2) 745(3.6) 20,012(96.4) 2083(10.0) 18,674(90.0)
 Men 11,559(35.8) 464(4.0) 11,095(96.0) 1073(9.3) 10,486(90.7)
Facility Remoteness (ARIA)
 Major cities 24,799(76.7) 957(3.9) 23,842(96.1) 2514(10.1) 22,285(89.9)
 Inner regional 4057(12.6) 117(2.9) 3940(97.1) 321(7.9) 3736(92.1)
 Outer regional 3120(9.7) 118(3.8) 3002(96.2) 290(9.3) 2830(90.7)
 Remote or very remote 340(1.1) 17(5.0) 323(95.0) 31(9.1) 309(90.9)
Health Conditionsb
 Dementia 16,334(50.5) 734(4.5) 15,600(95.5) 1898(11.6) 14,436(88.4)
 Delirium 1286(4.0) 81(6.3) 1205(93.7) 166(12.9) 1120(87.1)
 History of fall 6938(21.5) 360(5.2) 6578(94.8) 867(12.5) 6071(87.5)
 History of fracture 5244(16.2) 335(6.4) 4909(93.6) 667(12.7) 4577(87.3)
 Osteoporosis 6546(20.3) 270(4.1) 6276(95.9) 740(11.3) 5806(88.7)
Rx-Risk-V Co-morbidity Categorya
 0–1 1875(5.8) 47(2.5) 1828(97.5) 152(8.1) 1723(91.9)
 2–3 5952(18.4) 182(3.1) 5770(96.9) 529(8.9) 5423(91.1)
 4–5 8555(26.5) 314(3.7) 8241(96.3) 864(10.1) 7691(89.9)
 6–8 10,825(33.5) 448(4.1) 10,377(95.9) 1086(10.0) 9739(90.0)
 9+ 4627(14.3) 210(4.5) 4417(95.5) 494(10.7) 4133(89.3)
ROSA Frailty Index Scorea
 0.00 to 0.09 (least frail) 1086(3.4) 37(3.4) 1049(96.6) 96(8.8) 990(91.2)
 0.10 to 0.19 8550(26.5) 273(3.2) 8277(96.8) 764(8.9) 7786(91.1)
 0.20 to 0.29 18,173(56.2) 715(3.9) 17,458(96.1) 1834(10.1) 16,339(89.9)
 0.3 and over 4442(13.7) 183(4.1) 4259(95.9) 458(10.3) 3984(89.7)
Number of Unique Medications
 0–4 3661(11.3) 98(2.7) 3563(97.3) 297(8.1) 3364(91.9)
 5–10 11,710(36.2) 405(3.5) 11,305(96.5) 1118(9.5) 10,592(90.5)
 11+ 16,945(52.4) 706(4.2) 16,239(95.8) 1741(10.3) 15,204(89.7)
Specific Medications (ATC code)
 Vitamin K antagonists (B01AA) 4572(14.1) 219(4.8) 4353(95.2) 535(11.7) 4037(88.3)
 SSRIs (N06AB) 6744(20.9) 307(4.6) 6437(95.4) 743(11.0) 6001(89.0)
Activities of Daily Living Level
 No or minimal impairment 12,021(37.2) 604(5.0) 11,417(95.0) 1155(9.6) 10,866(90.4)
 Mild impairment 11,242(34.8) 386(3.4) 10,856(96.6) 1231(11.0) 10,011(89.0)
 Moderate impairment 7182(22.2) 144(2.0) 7038(98.0) 608(8.5) 6574(91.5)
 Severe impairment 426(1.3) 9(2.1) 417(97.9) 24(5.6) 402(94.4)
Behavioural Daily Living Level
 No or minimal impairment 11,506(35.6) 547(4.8) 10,959(95.2) 1314(11.4) 10,192(88.6)
 Mild impairment 8682(26.9) 314(3.6) 8368(96.4) 831(9.6) 7851(90.4)
 Moderate impairment 7385(22.9) 198(2.7) 7187(97.3) 626(8.5) 6759(91.5)
 Severe impairment 3298(10.2) 84(2.5) 3214(97.5) 247(7.5) 3051(92.5)
Complex Health Care (CHC) Level
 No CHC needed 13,008(40.3) 583(4.5) 12,425(95.5) 1286(9.9) 11,722(90.1)
 1–4 CHC procedures needed 8753(27.1) 316(3.6) 8437(96.4) 944(10.8) 7809(89.2)
 5–9 CHC procedures needed 7286(22.5) 208(2.9) 7078(97.1) 660(9.1) 6626(90.9)
 ≥ 10 CHC procedures needed 1824(5.6) 36(2.0) 1788(98.0) 128(7.0) 1696(93.0)
Number Unplanned Hospitalisations (year prior)
 None 12,820(39.7) 367(2.9) 12,453(97.1) 1052(8.2) 11,768(91.8)
 1 8661(26.8) 333(3.8) 8328(96.2) 860(9.9) 7801(90.1)
 2–4 9194(28.5) 419(4.6) 8775(95.4) 1038(11.3) 8156(88.7)
 5+ 1641(5.1) 90(5.5) 1551(94.5) 206(12.6) 1435(87.4)
Number of ED Presentations (year prior)
 None 11,690(36.2) 339(2.9) 11,351(97.1) 960(8.2) 10,730(91.8)
 1 9072(28.1) 310(3.4) 8762(96.6) 837(9.2) 8235(90.8)
 2-4 9419(29.1) 453(4.8) 8966(95.2) 1102(11.7) 8317(88.3)
 5+ 2135(6.6) 107(5.0) 2028(95.0) 257(12.0) 1878(88.0)
Number of GP Attendances (year prior)
 0 840(2.6) 13(1.5) 827(98.5) 47(5.6) 793(94.4)
 1–5 7768(24.0) 247(3.2) 7521(96.8) 712(9.2) 7056(90.8)
 6–15 15,698(48.6) 607(3.9) 15,091(96.1) 1541(9.8) 14,157(90.2)
 16+ 8010(24.8) 342(4.3) 7668(95.7) 856(10.7) 7154(89.3)
  1. IQR Interquartile range, ARIA Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia, ROSA Registry of Senior Australians, ATC Anatomical, Therapeutic and Chemical classification codes, SSRIs Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, CHC Complex health care, PRAC Permanent residential aged care, MBS Medicare Benefits Schedule, ED Emergency department, GP General practitioner
  2. aMissing data N(%):Rx-Risk-V 482(1.5), ROSA Frailty index score 65(0.2)
  3. bConditions were ascertained using the aged care eligibility or entry into care assessments. Dementia was ascertained from the aged care eligibility or entry into care assessments and the dispensing of medications for the treatment of dementia