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Table 2 Characteristics of studies included in scoping review

From: Social connection and physical health outcomes among long-term care home residents: a scoping review

Study characteristics
Total articles n (%) 34 (100)
Year n (%)
 1995–1999 2 (5.9)
 2000–2004 5 (14.7)
 2005–2009 4 (11.8)
 2010–2014 7 (20.6)
 2015+ 16 (47.1)
Country n (%)
 United States 11 (32.4)
 Taiwan 4 (11.8)
 China 4 (11.8)
 Iceland 2 (5.9)
 Portugal 2 (5.9)
 Spain 2 (5.9)
 Italy 2 (5.9)
 Canada 2 (5.9)
 Othera 12 (33)
 Multipleb 1 (2.9)
Study design n (%)
 Cross-sectional 21 (61.8)
 Cohort 11 (32.4)
 Ecologic 1 (2.9)
 Not Stated 1 (2.9)
Study setting
 Nursing home 27 (79.4)
 Long-term care 7 (20.6)
Number of institutions
 # of articles reporting n (%) 29 (85.3)
 Range 1–653
 Median 6
 Interquartile Range (IQR) 42
Number of residents (participants)
 # of articles reporting n (%) 34 (100.0)
 Range 40–30,055
 Median 503.5
 IQR 1020.5
Mean age of residents
 # of articles reporting n (%) 24 (70.6)
 Range 68–87
 Median 83.3
 IQR 3.5
Percentage of females
 # of articles reporting n (%) 32 (94.1)
 Range 0–87
 Median 70.6
 IQR 14.4
  1. aOther countries included Denmark, Lebanon, Iran, Hong Kong, Czech Republic, Finland, England, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Israel
  2. bTotal greater than n=34 (100%) with one international study conducted in 8 countries
  3. # number