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Table 2 Variables showing a clinically relevant association (defined as a strong OR ≥ 2 or OR ≤ 0,5) with complicating delirium (univariable regression analysis including all patients n = 404)

From: Individual Pharmacotherapy Management (IPM) - I: a group-matched retrospective controlled clinical study on prevention of complicating delirium in the elderly trauma patients and identification of associated factors

  P-value Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval Total number
IPM 0.03 0.09 0.01–0.7 204
Cognitive impairment to dementia 0.001 9.5 2.7–33.5 68
Nursing home resident 0.001 8.1 2.3–28.3 77
Intensive care stay 0.012 4.8 1.4–16.0 85
Anemia 0.17 2.4 0.7–8.1 174
BMI ≤20 kg/m2 0.4 2.5 0.3–21.5 19 (m162)
COPD 0.2 2.9 0.6–14.1 30
Diabetes mellitus 0.2 2.3 0.7–7.8 139
Infection requiring antibiotics 0.003 6.6 1.9–23.2 89
Fall in hospital 0.2 2.8 0.5–13.5 31
Men 0.2 2.0 0.6–6.8 119
Parkinson’s disease 0.05 4.9 1.0–24.5 19
Chronic hemodialysis 0.3 3.2 0.4–26.8 13
Atrial fibrillation 0.05 12.0 1.0–143.9 13 (m1324)
Antipsychotics 0.001 12.3 3.5–43.5 56
NSAIDs 0.3 2.0 0.5–7.9 64
Paracetamol / Metamizole 0.2 3.0 0.6–13.9 246
Muscle relaxants 0.2 4.8 0.5–42.2 9
Digitalis 0.4 2.0 0.4–9.7 41
Corticosteroids 0.3 2.3 0.5–11.3 36
Antifungal drugs 0.09 6.5 0.7–58.7 7
Memantine 0.4 2.5 0.3–20.8 16
Antiparkinsonian drugs 0.03 6.0 1.2–30.5 16
Xanthines 0.002 17.2 2.9–101.0 7
Fall risk scale according to Huhn     394 (m110)
temporarily disoriented 0.006 6.7 1.7–26.1 41
permanently disoriented 0.1 3.6 0.7–19.0 37
occasional alcohol consumption 0.1 2.9 0.7–11.4 46
restrictions in mobility 0.2 3.7 0.5–29.5 136
bladder catheter / enterostoma 0.1 3.6 0.6–19.9 90
bladder / stool incontinent 0.2 3.9 0.5–28.9 41
  1. m1 missing values