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Table 2 Differential impacts of determinants on men’s and women’s disability trends (N = 3429)

From: Differing determinants of disability trends among men and women aged 50 years and older

Determinants Intercept (Baseline) Slope (Rate of Change)
Men Women Χ2diff test Men Women Χ2diff test
Estimate β (SE)
Standardize β
Estimate β (SE)
Standardize β
Estimateβ (SE)
Standardize β
Estimateβ (SE)
Standardize β
Age 0.021 (0.008) 0.100* 0.083 (0.008) 0.265*** 22.227*** 0.017 (0.002) 0.380*** 0.026 (0.002) 0.467*** 11.997***
Education 0.003 (0.013) 0.009 −0.033 (0.012) -0.055** 5.689* −0.004 (0.002) -0.061 −0.007 (0.003) -0.066** 3.632 (0.057)a
Comorbidities 0.101 (0.036) 0.090** 0.242 (0.045) 0.157*** 6.686* 0.026 (0.009) 0.108** 0.041 (0.009) 0.146*** 2.263
Depression 0.073 (0.017) 0.220*** 0.101 (0.017) 0.240*** −0.990 −0.001 (0.002) -0.013 −0.001 (0.002)-0.015 2.535
No alcohol consumption 0.271 (0.064) 0.086*** 0.09 (0.14) 0.024 4.785** −0.005 (0.019) -0.007 −0.034 (0.041) -0.020 3.444
Leisure-time activities, recreational −0.163 (0.067) -0.109** −0.127 (0.054) -0.069** 2.527 −0.004 (0.009) -0.012 −0.001 (0.012) -0.002 3.728
Leisure-time activities, physically active −0.136 (0.04) -0.094*** −0.291 (0.06) -0.125*** 4.970* −0.029 (0.008) -0.092*** −0.026 (0.011) -0.063* 3.672 (0.055)a
Social network −0.001 (0.002) -0.013 −0.005 (0.003) -0.037* 4.510* 0.00 (0.001) −0.004 0.000 (0.001) -0.007 3.178
Social support 0.023 (0.015) 0.043 0.036 (0.025) 0.043 2.490 -0.004 (0.003) -0.033 −0.003 (0.005) -0.021 3.021
Use of assistive devices 0.149 (0.064) 0.071** 0.108 (0.099) 0.032 2.123 −0.016 (0.015) -0.035 −0.02 (0.016) -0.033 2.979
Model fit χ2 [303, N = 3429] = 1824.20 [Men: 745.343 vs. Women: 1078.857], p < 0.001; CFI = .928; RMSEA = .054
  1. Note. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. a Marginally significant p-values of Χ2diff test (p < 0.1) are presented when at least one of the estimates for men or women were significant