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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample (N = 3249)

From: Differing determinants of disability trends among men and women aged 50 years and older

  Min Max Men (N = 1718) Women (N = 1711) P-value
Mean SD Mean SD
Determinants (1996)
 Age 50 96 63.960 8.113 63.880 8.409 0.778
 Education 0 17 6.950 4.609 3.200 3.897 < 0.001
 Comorbidities 1 5 3.530 1.043 3.130 1.043 < 0.001
 Depression 0 30 4.190 4.689 5.990 5.787 < 0.001
 No alcohol consumption 0 1 .630 .484 .930 .252 < 0.001
 Leisure-time activities, recreational 0 5 2.900 1.0200 2.170 0.947 < 0.001
 Leisure-time activities, physically active 0 4 1.300 1.045 1.150 1.000 < 0.001
 Social network 0 176 20.060 17.727 18.200 15.928 < 0.001
 Social support 4 20 16.270 2.909 16.21 2.882 0.515
 Use of assistive devices 0 3 1.280 0.728 1.250 0.707 0.153
 FL1996 0 24 0.83 2.541 2.18 3.713 < 0.001
 FL1999 0 24 1.42 3.115 3.52 4.712 < 0.001
 FL2003 0 24 2.51 4.413 5.32 5.93 < 0.001
 FL2007 0 24 4.01 6.191 6.99 7.024 < 0.001
 ADL1996 0 18 0.08 0.941 0.12 0.997 0.200
 ADL1999 0 18 0.13 1.051 0.23 1.333 0.010
 ADL2003 0 18 0.34 1.873 0.72 2.719 < 0.001
 ADL2007 0 18 1.19 3.795 1.9 4.589 < 0.001
 IADL1996 0 18 0.42 1.657 1.22 2.671 < 0.001
 IADL1999 0 18 0.55 1.826 1.67 3.252 < 0.001
 IADL2003 0 18 1.24 3.102 2.87 4.567 < 0.001
 IADL2007 0 18 2.62 4.944 4.43 5.766 < 0.001
  1. Note. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. FLxxxx Nagi’s functional limitation in xxxx (year), IADLxxxx Instrumental activities of daily living in xxxx (year), ADLxxxx Activities of daily living in xxxx (year)