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Table 2 Description of change in experimental (E) and control (C) groups between the three assessment encounters

From: Impact of the HOP-UP-PT program on older adults at risk to fall: a randomized controlled trial

Variable N E1-E2 encounter change
Mean (SD)
P-Value N E2-E3 encounter change
Mean (SD)
P- Value N C1-C2 encounter change
Mean (SD)
P-Value N C2-C3 encounter change
Mean (SD)
P- Value
Systolic Blood Pressure 64 −5.4 (18.2) 0.05 54 −4.4 (19.9) 0.06 59 −6.2 (80.0) 0.01 51 −2.9 (14.1) 0.12
Diastolic Blood Pressure 64 −0.6 (15.9) 0.11 54 −1.6 (9.4) 0.13 59 −1.9 (12.8) 0.07 51 −3.1 (11.7) 0.06
Heart Rate 64 1.1 (8.6) 0.36 53 3.1 (8.5) 0.01 56 2.8 (10.7) 0.05 49 0.6 (9.3) 0.38
Grip Strength 60 −0.5 (6.8) 0.69 54 0.5 (6.3) 0.46 58 −0.9 (7.9) 0.48 47 0.3 (2.7) 0.65
Timed Up and Go 64 −0.6 (4.1) 0.001 53 −0.7 (3.5) 0.04 58 −0.1 (2.6) 0.17 50 −0.9 (3.7) 0.06
Gait Speed 64 −0.2 (1.3) 0.001 53 −0.5 (1.2) 0.001 58 −0.1 (1.2) 0.04 50 −0.5 (2.3) 0.06
Four Stage Balance Test 65 0.4 (0.8) 0.001 50 0.3 (0.9) 0.02 56 −0.1 (0.7) 0.50 46 0.1 (0.9) 0.39
Five Time Sit to Stand 61 −2.2 (3.6) 0.001 48 −3.1 (3.9) 0.001 47 −0.5 (5.6) 0.03 41 −0.7 (4.8) 0.06
SPPB 64 0.9 (2.3) 0.001 47 1.5 (2.3) 0.001 53 0.8 (1.9) 0.01 45 1.1 (2.3) 0.001
STEADI Fall Risk 61 −0.2 (0.7) 0.03 49 −0.4 (0.7) 0.001 55 −01 (0.4) 0.51 46 −0.1 (0.6) 0.31
HOME FAST 53 −0.3 (1.52) 0.1 46 −0.5 (2.4) 0.16 45 0.04 (3.7) 0.25 40 −0.2 (6.2) 0.98
  1. E1 = experimental group baseline assessment; E2 = experimental group 3-month assessment; E3 = experimental group 7-month assessment; C1 = control group baseline assessment; C2 = control group 3-month assessment; C3 = control group 7-month assessment; SD = standard deviation; SPPB = Short Physical Performance Battery. Items reaching statistical significance on P < 0.05 are italic and bold