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Table 2 Physical frailty indicators by cognitive impairment in newly-admitted older nursing home residents (2014–2016)

From: Physical frailty and cognitive impairment in older nursing home residents: a latent class analysis

  All Cognitive impairment
None/Mild Moderate Severe
(n = 871,801) (n = 292,548) (n = 262,307) (n = 316,946)
Percentage Percentage Percentage Percentage
FRAIL-NH Items
Fatigue
  0 No (never or 1 day) 62.1 59.4 59.5 67.1
  1 Yes (several days/everyday) 31.7 34.5 33.8 27.2
  2 PHQ-9 ≥ 10 6.2 6.1 6.8 5.7
Resistancea
  0 Independent 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
  1 With set-up only 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.1
  2 Need physical assistance 91.5 91.6 91.5 91.4
Ambulationb
  0 Independent 6.5 7.9 6.4 5.3
  1 With assistive device 7.8 7.3 8.3 7.8
  2 Cannot walk 85.7 84.8 85.4 86.8
Incontinence
 0 None 19.8 27.3 19.6 13.2
 1 Urinary incontinence only 22.7 26.1 23.5 19.0
 2 Bowel incontinence 57.5 46.6 57.0 67.9
Loss of weight
  0 None 97.0 96.9 97 97.1
  1 ≥5% past 3 mo./ ≥10% past 6 mo. 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.9
Nutritional approach
  0 Regular diet 67.8 76.7 67.6 59.7
  1 Mechanically altered diet 26.9 19.4 27.6 33.2
  2 Require feeding tube 5.3 3.9 4.8 7.1
Help with dressing
  0 Independent 1.8 2.6 1.8 1.1
  1 Need help with set up only 3.0 3.5 3.1 2.4
  2 Need physical help 95.2 93.9 95.0 96.5
  1. PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire
  2. aMeasures if the resident needs assistance to be transferred from one location to another
  3. bMeasures if the resident can walk in a room