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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of newly-admitted older nursing home residents (2014–2016)

From: Physical frailty and cognitive impairment in older nursing home residents: a latent class analysis

  All
(n = 871,801)
Percentage
Age (years)
 65 - < 75 21.4
 75- < 85 34.3
 ≥ 85 44.3
Female 65.3
Racial/ethnic minority 18.8
Nursing home location
 Rural 23.5
 Urban 76.5
Admission source
 Community 17.8
 Acute hospital 63.8
 Othera 18.4
Physical frailty
 Robust 9.6
 Pre-frail 25.0
 Frail 65.4
Cognitive impairment
 None/Mild 33.6
 Moderate 30.1
 Severe 36.4
Active diagnosis
 Cancer 6.8
 Heart failure 18.9
 Hypertension 76.3
 Diabetes mellitus 31.3
 Alzheimer’s disease 12.0
 Cerebrovascular accident/Transient ischemic attack/Stroke 13.9
 Non-Alzheimer’s/other dementiab 39.2
 Multiple sclerosis 0.5
 Parkinson’s disease 5.8
 Seizure disorder/Epilepsy 5.8
 Arthritis 26.1
 Osteoporosis 11.7
 Hip fracture 5.4
 Other fracture 8.2
 Asthma/Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/Chronic lung disease 19.6
 Anxiety disorder 21.8
 Depression 36.3
Any presence of pain 40.9
In past 7 days or since admission, receipt of …
 Antipsychotics 19.2
 Antianxiety medications 18.4
 Antidepressant 43.9
  1. aIncluded another nursing home/swing bed, psychiatric hospital, inpatient rehabilitation facility, ID/DD facility, long-term care hospitals, hospice, and other unspecified admission sources
  2. bIncluded non-Alzheimer’s dementia (e.g. vascular or multi-infarct dementia), mixed dementia; frontotemporal dementia (e.g. Pick’s disease), and dementia related to stroke, Parkinson’s or Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases