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Table 3 Healthcare costs (per person) of Dutch elderly in the period 2009–2016

From: General health, healthcare costs and dental care use of elderly with a natural dentition, implant-retained overdenture or conventional denture: an 8-year cohort of Dutch elderly (aged 75 and over)

  2009 (baseline) 2012 2014 2016
NDa CDb IODc ND CD IOD ND CD IOD ND CD IOD
N = 143,199 N = 18,420 N = 6503 N = 128,100 N = 14,918 N = 5994 N = 113,420 N = 12,241 N = 5438 N = 97,196 N = 9830 N = 4763
Healthcare
 Dental care 282 870 3204 251 274 320 262 448 537 255 484 637
 General practitioner 156 202 159 159 193 164 193 226 203 181 215 198
 Specialist care 2988 3661 3243 3442 3835 3736 3531 3823 3851 3571 3677 3973
 Nursing home 31,505 34,285 28,232 42,597 43,407 42,645 48,935 47,361 46,116
 Mental health 3345 4246 4395 3026 3363 3615 3726 4236 3377 3697 3593 4817
 Physiotherapy 1010 1158 947 1066 1116 1034 1184 1202 1149 1219 1204 1157
 Allied healthcare 231 265 203 356 413 337 277 275 271 264 269 267
 Pharmacy 1029 1221 1095 962 1132 1063 941 1109 1083 962 1131 1135
  1. a ND Natural dentition b CD Conventional denture c IOD Implant-retained overdenture