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Table 2 Olfaction parameters divided by sex

From: Association between the inability to identify particular odors and physical performance, cognitive function, and/or brain atrophy in community-dwelling older adults from the Fukuoka Island City study

Variables All
n = 44
Male
n = 14
Female
n = 30
p
Total score, mean ± SD 6.8 ± 3.3 5.9 ± 3.5 7.3 ± 3.1 .178
Wood, grass, and herb
 Indian ink 23 (52) 6 (43) 17 (57) .393
 Wood 27 (61) 5 (36) 22 (73) .017
 Menthol 23 (52) 7 (50) 16 (53) .837
 Japanese cypress (hinoki) 21 (48) 8 (57) 13 (43) .393
Sweet
 Perfume 27 (61) 6 (43) 21 (70) .085
 Rose 26 (59) 7 (50) 19 (63) .402
 Japanese orange 14 (32) 5 (36) 9 (30) .705
 Condensed milk 26 (59) 5 (36) 21 (70) .031
Spices
 Roasted garlic 27 (61) 8 (57) 19 (63) .694
 Curry 34 (77) 10 (71) 24 (80) .527
Gas
 Cooking gas 26 (59) 7 (50) 19 (63) .402
Excreta
 Fermented beans/sweaty socks 27 (61) 8 (57) 19 (63) .694
  1. For the total score, the p-value for male vs. female was calculated using an un-paired t-test
  2. For each of the 12 odors, the p-value for male vs. female was calculated using a chi-squared test
  3. SD standard deviation. The total score consists of the number of correct answers for the 12 odors