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Table 2 Demographics characteristics by sex (n = 211)

From: Sex disparities in the prevalence of physical function disabilities: a population-based study in a low-income community

Charac-teristics Category Total Sex p-value#
  Female (nf = 121) Male (nm = 90)  
Age (years) ≤74 115 (100%) 66 (57%) 49 (43%) > 0.1
75+ 96 (100%) 55 (57%) 41 (43%)
Academic achievement Less than High School 137 (100%) 72 (53%) 65 (47%) > 0.05
High School Graduated 44 (100%) 28 (64%) 16 (36%)
Some College or Greater 30 (100%) 21 (70%) 9 (30%)
Marital status Married or Partner 90 (100%) 45 (50%) 45 (50%) 0.069
Single, separated, divorced or widowed 121 (100%) 76 (63%) 45 (37%)
Number of persons at home Live alone 72 (100%) 41 (57%) 31 (43%) > 0.01
2 persons 103 (100%) 62 (60%) 41 (40%)
More than 2 29 (100%) 15 (52%) 14 (48%)
Annual income Under $5000 47 (100%) 29 (62%) 18 (38%) > 0.01
$5000–$9999 90 (100%) 57 (63%) 33 (37%)
$10,000–$14,999 40 (100%) 19 (48%) 21 (53%)
Over $15,000 29 (100%) 13 (45%) 16 (55%)
Work status Retired 112 (100%) 50 (45%) 62 (55%) < 0.0001
Disabled 26 (100%) 14 (54%) 12 (46%)
Full time home (Homemaker) 55 (100%) 54 (98%) 1 (2%)
Employed 15 (100%) 2 (13%) 13 (87%)
Source of income Retirement 35 (100%) 18 (51%) 17 (49%) 0.049
Social Security 180 (100%) 104 (58%) 76 (42%)
Nutritional Assistance Program 83 (100%) 60 (72%) 23 (28%)
Othersa 6 (100%) 5 (83.3%) 1 (18.7%)
Self-identification of the ethnic group Puerto Rican 180 (100%) 106 (59%) 74 (41%) 0.090
Dominican 28 (100%) 12 (43%) 16 (57%)
Other 3 (100%) 3 (100%) 0
Health care plan Medicare 153 (100%) 89 (58%) 64 (42%) > 0.01
Government 37 (100%) 23 (62%) 14 (38%)
Other 21 (100%) 9 (43%) 12 (57%)
  1. a Others includes Veteran, TANF Working (full-time, part-time, informal)
  2. # Using Fisher exact test to compare sex distribution