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Table 2 Six-meter walking speed by physical and mental related comorbid conditions (n=301)

From: Using hand grip strength to detect slow walking speed in older adults: the Yilan study

  Total 6-meter walking speed (m/sec) p-value for t-test/ ANOVA
n (%) Mean (SD)
Physical-related comorbid conditions
 Diabetes mellitus
  Yes 61 (20.3) 0.85 (0.33) 0.029
  No 240 (79.7) 0.95 (0.32)
 Hypertension
  Yes 145 (48.2) 0.87 (0.34) 0.004
  No 156 (51.8) 0.98 (0.29)
 Heart diseases
  Yes 84 (27.9) 0.84 (0.32) 0.004
  No 217 (72.1) 0.96 (0.32)
 Hyperlipidemia
  Yes 88 (29.2) 0.93 (0.37) 0.860
  No 213 (70.8) 0.93 (0.30)
 Stroke
  Yes 11 (3.7) 0.68 (0.30) 0.009
  No 290 (96.3) 0.94 (0.32)
 Cancer
  Yes 25 (8.3) 0.82 (0.31) 0.073
  No 276 (91.7) 0.94 (0.32)
 Gout
  Yes 17 (5.6) 0.93 (0.30) 0.947
  No 284 (94.4) 0.93 (0.32)
 Respiration diseases
  Yes 29 (9.6) 0.93 (0.28) 0.988
  No 272 (90.4) 0.93 (0.32)
 Lower limb arthritis (hip and knee)a
  Yes 58 (19.3) 0.84 (0.23) 0.025
  No 240 (79.7) 0.95 (0.34)
 Fall
  Yes 50 (16.6) 0.87 (0.34) 0.151
  No 251 (83.4) 0.94 (0.32)
Mental -related comorbid conditions
 Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  Anxiety subscale
   ≥ 3 103 (34.2) 0.88 (0.29) 0.061
   < 3 198 (65.8) 0.95 (0.33)
  Depression subscale
   ≥ 6 30 (10.0) 0.74 (0.29) <0.001
   < 6 271 (90.0) 0.95 (0.32)
  1. aNumbers of subjects are not equal to 301 due to missing values in variables