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Table 3 Summary of TOBIT univariate and multivariate analyses for predictors of quality of life in 2,827 older adults

From: A national survey on COVID-19 second-wave lockdowns on older adults’ mental wellbeing, health-seeking behaviours and social outcomes across Australia

   Unadjusted    Adjusted  
  Coefficient 95 % CI p-value Coefficient 95 % CI p-value
Residence
  Victoria 0.023 -0.004–0.049 0.092 0.027 0.003–0.050 0.025
  Rest of Australia 1    1   
Gender
  Female -0.026 -0.042–-0.009 0.002 -0.035 -0.051–-0.020 < 0.001
  Male 1      
Age
  55–64 1      
  65–74 -0.007 -0.024–0.009 0.382 0.007 -0.008–0.022 0.383
  75–84 0.002 -0.022–0.023 0.893 0.036 0.013–0.060 0.003
  85+ -0.059 -0.119–-0.000 0.049 -0.008 -0.062–0.046 0.765
SES
  1 (Most) 1      
  2 0.017 -0.011–0.046 0.225 0.009 -0.016–0.034 0.489
  3 0.031 0.003–0.060 0.031 0.023 -0.002–0.048 0.076
  4 0.053 0.024–0.082 < 0.001 0.021 -0.006–0.047 0.123
  5 (least) 0.063 0.037–0.089 < 0.001 0.021 -0.003–0.044 0.084
  Unknown 0.031 -0.046–0.108 0.434 -0.013 -0.081–0.056 0.715
Relationship status
  Never married 1      
  Married/De facto 0.030 0.001–0.060 0.045 -0.004 -0.030–0.023 0.793
  Divorced/Separated but not divorced -0.009 -0.043–0.024 0.579 -0.002 -0.032–0.027 0.890
  Widowed -0.013 -0.050–0.024 0.488 -0.008 -0.041–0.026 0.653
  Unknown -0.067 -0.345–0.210 0.634 0.008 -0.234–0.251 0.946
Country of Birth
  Australia 1      
  Other/Unknown 0.022 0.005–0.040 0.011 0.008 -0.004–0.026 0.164
Education
  Secondary School or less 1      
  Trade qualification -0.036 -0.075–0.003 0.073 -0.054 -0.089–-0.018 0.003
  Certificate 0.013 -0.018–0.043 0.415 0.009 -0.017–0.036 0.502
  Diploma 0.018 -0.006–0.042 0.140 -0.002 -0.023–0.019 0.858
  Bachelor’s Degree 0.042 0.019–0.066 < 0.001 0.009 -0.012–0.030 0.381
  Post-graduate degree 0.050 0.027–0.073 < 0.001 0.012 -0.009–0.033 0.270
Government benefits
  Yes -0.074 -0.089–-0.059 < 0.001 -0.039 -0.054–-0.024 < 0.001
  No 1      
  Unknown 1.096 -90.386–2.578 0.981 0.887 -41.064–42.838 0.967
Aged care services
  Yes -0.180 -0.212–-0.148 < 0.001 -0.119 -0.150–-0.088 < 0.001
  No 1      
  Unknown 0.27 0.032–0.511 0.027 0.184 -0.038–0.407 0.104
Health status
  Chronic heart disease -0.055 -0.083–-0.026 < 0.001 -0.023 -0.049–-0.002 0.041
  Diabetes -0.056 -0.081–-0.031 < 0.001 -0.03 -0.046–-0.001 0.035
  Stroke -0.097 -0.144–-0.049 < 0.001 -0.046 -0.088–-0.003 0.001
  Sight impairment -0.063 -0.080–-0.045 < 0.001 -0.028 -0.045–-0.012 0.066
  Hearing impairment -0.057 -0.076–-0.037 < 0.001 -0.017 -0.036–0.001 < 0.001
  COPD -0.139 -0.175–-0.104 < 0.001 -0.059 -0.092–-0.026 0.022
  High blood pressure -0.043 -0.058–-0.027 < 0.001 -0.016 -0.030–-0.002 0.093
  Asthma -0.057 -0.079–-0.036 < 0.001 -0.017 -0.036–0.003 < 0.001
  Depression/Anxiety -0.154 -0.171–-0.137 < 0.001 -0.11 -0.129–-0.095 < 0.001
LSNS 0.010 0.009–0.012 < 0.001 0.007 0.006–0.009 < 0.001
  1. *Level of significance is < 0.05, highlighted in bold