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Table 1 Demographic distribution of Elder abuse risk

From: Is multimorbidity associated with risk of elder abuse? Findings from the AHSETS study

Attributes Elder Abuse N (%) Total participants
High-Risk Abuse Low-Risk Abuse No Abuse
Age Group (Years) > 90 1 (0.9 %) 8 (2.0 %) 3 (1.5 %) 12 (1.7 %)
80–89 17 (14.8 %) 40 (9.8 %) 22 (11.0 %) 79 (10.9 %)
70–79 35 (30.4 %) 92 (22.4 %) 44 (22.0 %) 171 (23.6 %)
60–69 62 (53.9 %) 270 (65.9 %) 131 (65.5 %) 463 (63.9 %)
Gender Male 38 (33.0 %) 202 (49.3 %) 138 (69.0 %) 378 (52.1 %)
Female 77 (67.0 %) 208 (50.7 %) 62 (31.0 %) 347 (47.9 %)
Education Illiterate 75 (65.2 %) 205 (50.0 %) 66 (33.0 %) 346 (47.7 %)
Primary School 37 (32.2 %) 168 (41.0 %) 96 (48.0 %) 301 (41.5 %)
Secondary School 1 (0.9 %) 19 (4.6 %) 18 (9.0 %) 38 (5.2 %)
High School & Above 2 (1.7 %) 18 (4.4 %) 20 (10.0 %) 40 (5.5 %)
Occupation Not Working 101 (87.8 %) 339 (82.7 %) 127 (63.5 %) 567 (78.2 %)
Self Employed 5 (4.3 %) 22 (5.4 %) 27 (5.4 %) 54 (7.4 %)
Agriculture 9 (7.8 %) 49 (12.0 %) 46 (23.0 %) 104 (14.3 %)
Marital Status Currently Married 66 (57.4 %) 266 (64.9 %) 155 (77.5 %) 487 (67.2 %)
Widowed 49(42.6 %) 137(33.4 %) 44(22.0 %) 230 (31.5 %)
Never Married/divorced/Separated 0 (0.0 %) 7 (1.7 %) 1 (2.5 %) 8 (1.3 %)
Family Type Single member 9 (7.8 %) 33 (8.0 %) 11 (5.5 %) 53 (7.3 %)
Joint 50 (43.5 %) 246 (60.0 %) 119 (59.5 %) 415 (57.2 %)
Nuclear 56 (48.7 %) 131 (32.0 %) 70 (35.0 %) 257 (35.4 %)
No. of Elderly In Household 1 57 (49.6 %) 209 (51.0 %) 95 (47.5 %) 361 (49.8 %)
2 or more 58 (50.4 %) 201 (49.0 %) 105 (52.5 %) 364 (50.2 %)
SES Low 79 (68.7 %) 223 (54.4 %) 87 (43.5 %) 389 (53.7 %)
Lower-Middle 28 (24.3 %) 126 (30.7 %) 63 (31.5 %) 217 (29.9 %)
Upper-Middle 7 (6.1 %) 52 (12.7 %) 35 (17.5 %) 94 (13.0 %)
High 1 (0.9 %) 9 (2.2 %) 15 (7.5 %) 25 (3.4 %)
Economic Dependency Dependent 95 (82.6 %) 323 (78.8 %) 117 (58.5 %) 535 (73.8 %)
Independent 20 (17.4 %) 87 (21.2 %) 83 (41.5 %) 190 (26.2 %)
Chronic disease No Chronic disease 11 (9.6 %) 84 (20.5 %) 37 (18.5 %) 132 (18.2 %)
Single Chronic disease 36 (31.3 %) 152 (37.1 %) 51 (25.5 %) 239 (33.0 %)
Multimorbidity 68 (59.1 %) 174 (42.4 %) 112 (56.0 %) 354 (48.8 %)
Functional dependency Dependent 57 (49.6 %) 154 (37.6 %) 34 (17.0 %) 245 (33.8 %)
Partially dependent 31 (27.0 %) 132 (32.2 %) 63 (31.5 %) 226 (31.2 %)
Independent 27 (23.5 %) 124 (30.2 %) 103 (51.5 %) 254 (35.0 %)
Total 115 (15.9 %) 410 (56.6 %) 200 (27.6 %) 725 (100 %)