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Table 1 Summary of outcomes of included studies

From: Effectiveness of comprehensive geriatric assessment intervention on quality of life, caregiver burden and length of hospital stay: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Study Outcomes Evaluation instruments
Quality of life
(measure time)
Caregiver burden
(measure time)
Length of hospital stay
(measure time)
Gayton 1987 [28]   
(Discharge)
 
Hogan 1987 [29]   
(Discharge)
 
Thomas 1993 [30]   
(Discharge)
 
Nikolaus 1999 (CGA) [31]   
(Discharge; at follow up 12 months)
 
Nikolaus 1999 (CGA + home) [31]   
(Discharge; at follow up 12 months)
 
Naglie 2002 [32]   
(Discharge; at follow up 6 months ǂ)
 
Shyu 2005 [33]
(1 month after discharge ǂ; 3 months after discharge ǂ)
 
(Discharge)
Quality of life: the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire(SF-36) ǁ
Vidan 2005 [34]   
(Discharge)
 
Kircher 2007 [35]
(At follow up 3 months; at follow up 12 months)
 
(At follow up 12 months)
Quality of life: Philadelphia Geriatric Centre Morale Scale(PGCMS)
Pitkala 2008 [36]
(Discharge)
   Quality of life: 15D questionnaire
Prestmo 2015 [37]
(1 month after surgery; 4 month after surgery; 12 month after surgery)
 
(Discharge)
Quality of life:EQ-5D-3L
Partridge 2017* [38]   
(Discharge ǂ)
 
Applegate 1990* [39]   
(12 months after randomisation ǂ)
 
Karppi 1995 [40]   
(At follow up 12 months; at follow up 24 months)
 
Covinsky 1997 [41]  
(90 days after dischargeǂ)

(Discharge)
Caregiver burden: The Robinson Caregiver Strain Index ǁ
Asplund 2000 [42]   
(Discharge)
 
Counsell 2000 [43]   
(Discharge)
 
Cohen 2002(unit) [44]
(Discharge; 12 months after randomisation)
   Quality of life: the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire(SF-36)
Saltvedt 2004 [45]   
(Discharge; at follow up 6 months)
 
Ekerstad 2016 [46]
(Discharge; at follow up 3 months)
 
(Discharge; at follow up 3 months)
Quality of life: EuroQoL-visual analog scale (EQ-VAS); Health Utilities Index-3 ǁ
Silverman 1995 [47]  
(12 months after randomisation)
  Caregiver burden: Family strain scale developed and validated by Morycz; a global burden questionnaire ǁ
Reuben 1999 [48]
(At follow up 15 months)
   Quality of life: the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire(SF-36)
Burns 2000 [49]
(At follow up 12 months; at follow up 24 months)
   Quality of life: Rand general well-being (GWB) inventory; Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale ǁ; perceived global life satisfaction (GLS) ǁ
Weuve 2000 [50]  
(At follow up 12 months)
  Caregiver burden: previously developed inventory that consists of 22 equally weighted statements about perception of burden
Cohen 2002(outpatient) [44]
(12 months after randomisation)
   Quality of life: the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire(SF-36)
Ekdahl 2015 [51]
(At follow up 12 months; at follow up 24 months)
 
(At follow up 24 months)
Quality of life: EQ-5D-3L
Zintchouk 2018* [52]
(At follow up 3 months ǂ)
number of improvement
 
(At follow up 3 months ǂ)
Quality of life: Depression List (DL) ǁ
Counsell 2007 [53]
(At follow up 24 months)
 
(At follow up 12 months ǂ; at follow up 24 months ǂ)
Quality of life: the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire(SF-36)
Fairhall 2015 [54]
(At follow up 3 months; at follow up 12 months)
   Quality of life: EQ-5D
Edmans 2013 [55]
(At follow up 90 days)
   Quality of life: EQ-5D; ICEpop CA Pability measure for older people (ICECAP-O) ǁ
  1. CGA, comprehensive geriatric assessment
  2. * study not included in meta-analysis; ǂoutcome data at the endpoint not included in meta-analysis; ǁ outcome data measured by the evaluation instruments not included in meta-analysis