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Table 2 CFS scores across subgroups of elderly, categorized according to socio-demographic and health related characteristics

From: Validation of the revised 9-scale clinical frailty scale (CFS) in Greek language

Socio-demographic and health related characteristics n CFS score (Μ ± 1SD) Statistical significance*
Age groups (years old)
 65-74 29 4.24 ± 2.60 p = 0.002
 75-84 59 4.66 ± 2.40
  ≥ 85 54 5.91 ± 1.96
Charlson Co-morbidity Index groups
 2-3 15 2.80 ± 1.74 p ≤ 0.001
 4-5 62 4.47 ± 2.09
 6-7 41 5.80 ± 1.96
  ≥ 8 24 6.67 ± 2.55
Aid use
 None 74 3.72 ± 2.04 p ≤ 0.001
 Stick 27 5.26 ± 1.91
 Frame 19 7.00 ± 1.49
 Chair or bedridden 22 7.59 ± 0.67
Falls in previous months
 No 99 4.40 ± 2.39 p ≤ 0.001
 Yes 43 6.53 ± 1.53
Socially engaged
 Frequent 49 3.43 ± 2.28 p ≤ 0.001
 Occasional 59 5.49 ± 1.88
 Not 34 6.62 ± 1.89
Swallowing problems
 No 121 4.63 ± 1.91 p ≤ 0.001
 Yes 21 7.48 ± 0.88
Degree of cognitive impairment
 No cognitive impairment 88 4.49 ± 2.44 p ≤ 0.001
 Mild-moderate cognitive impairment 36 5.33 ± 2.07
 Severe-very severe cognitive impairment 18 7.22 ± 0.88
  1. *Derived from test for trends