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Table 2 Independent effects of previous falls and fear of falling on limited daily activities

From: Fear of falling is as important as multiple previous falls in terms of limiting daily activities: a longitudinal study

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
IRR [95%CI] IRR [95%CI] IRR [95%CI]
Mobility
 One Fall 1.14 [0.91,1.44]   1.09 [0.87,1.36]
 Multiple Falls 1.96 [1.49,2.59]***   1.72 [1.30,2.27]***
 Fear of Falling   1.93 [1.54,2.40]*** 1.79 [1.44,2.24]***
Self-care activities
 One Fall 0.97 [0.85,1.10]   0.95 [0.84,1.08]
 Multiple Falls 1.47 [1.25,1.74]***   1.40 [1.19,1.66]***
 Fear of Falling   1.31 [1.14,1.51]*** 1.25 [1.08,1.44]***
Household activities
 One Fall 1.17 [0.94,1.46]   1.13 [0.91,1.41]
 Multiple Falls 1.48 [1.11,1.98]**   1.36 [1.01,1.83]*
 Fear of Falling   1.46 [1.14,1.87]** 1.39 [1.08,1.78]*
  1. * IRR incidence rate ratio; * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001
  2. All models adjusted for demographic covariates (age, sex, education, race/ethnicity, living arrangement), health-related covariates (BMI, number of chronic illnesses, hospitalizations, depression, cognitive function), and behavioral covariates (smoking and vigorous activities)