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Table 3 Life course SES and cognitive functioning among older adults in India and China, WHO-SAGE Wave 1 (2007/10)

From: Association of life course socioeconomic status and adult height with cognitive functioning of older adults in India and China

Life-course SES India China
  β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Mother’s education Own education   
 Less than primary Less than primary Ref Ref
 Greater than primary Less than primary 0.74(−1.89, 3.38) 0.23(−2.66, 3.13)
 Less than primary Greater than primary 5.66***(5.14, 6.19) 4.39***(3.94, 4.83)
 Greater than primary Greater than primary 8.73***(7.60, 9.86) 6.91***(6.00, 7.81)
Father’s education Own education
 Less than primary Less than primary Ref Ref
 Greater than primary Less than primary 0.88*(−0.08, 1.84) 1.15**(.027, 2.28)
 Less than primary Greater than primary 5.16***(4.58, 5.74) 4.23***(3.77, 4.69)
 Greater than primary Greater than primary 7.59***(6.85, 8.33) 6.45***(5.76, 7.14)
Mother’s employment Own employment
 Not employed Not employed Ref Ref
 Not employed Employed 1.77***(0.62, 2.93) 1.10(−0.51, 2.73)
 Employed Not employed 1.14***(0.50, 1.78) 1.74***(0.92, 2.56)
 Employed Employed 0.70**(0.028, 1.38) 2.16***(1.30, 3.03)
Father’s employment Own employment
 Not employed Not employed Ref Ref
 Not employed Employed 1.81*(−0.21, 3.84) 1.13*(− 0.18, 2.45)
 Employed Not employed 0.48(−1.87, 2.84) 1.79***(0.89, 2.68)
 Employed Employed 2.39**(0.39, 4.39) 2.26***(1.37, 3.15)
Parental education Own education
 Less than primary Less than primary Ref Ref
 Greater than primary Less than primary 1.74(−1.83, 5.32) 3.62(−2.75, 10.0)
 Less than primary Greater than primary 5.04***(4.45, 5.63) 5.31***(4.54, 6.09)
 Greater than primary Greater than primary 9.75***(8.49, 11.0) 8.65***(6.25, 11.1)
Parental employment Own employment
 Not employed Not employed Ref Ref
 Not employed Employed 3.99***(1.60, 6.38) 1.14(−0.58, 2.87)
 Employed Not employed 0.05(−2.41, 2.52) 1.86***(0.93, 2.80)
 Employed Employed 2.67**(0.48, 4.86) 2.46***(1.49, 3.43)
  1. Separate regression analysis was performed for each predictor variable adjusting demographic and health variables
  2. CI confidence interval *** p < .001, ** p < .005, * p < .01