Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant characteristics and raw mean scores of disability development at 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years prior to death

From: Disability trajectories prior to death for ten leading causes of death among middle-aged and older adults in Taiwan

  Ten leading causes of death
malignant tumor Heart disease pneumonia cerebrovascular disease diabetes injury chronic lower respiratory disease hypertension-related diseases kidney disease chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis
N 717 393 217 333 236 94 170 93 106 72
age 77.51±8.28 81.90±8.20 83.78±8.25 80.41±8.15 78.00±5.81 76.47±8.58 82.97±6.77 83.06±8.12 80.39±7.52 75.26±9.34
Sex
Male, N(%) 467(65.13) 208(52.93) 147(67.74) 184(55.26) 89(37.71) 66(70.21) 129(75.88) 41(44.09) 49(46.23) 45(62.50)
Female, N(%) 250(34.87) 185(47.07) 70(32.26) 149(44.74) 147(62.29) 28(29.79) 41(24.12) 52(55.91) 57(53.77) 27(37.50)
ADL(0-6)Raw data
1styear before death 1.06±2.04 1.62±2.43 2.81±2.72 3.25±2.86 3.07±2.77 0.31±1.19 2.03±2.48 2.90±2.87 2.48±2.71 0.69±1.74
5thyear before death 0.27±1.07 0.86±1.80 0.77±1.59 1.28±2.32 1.41±2.38 0.17±0.82 0.76±1.83 1.07±2.07 1.64±2.36 0.73±1.85
10thyear before death 0.05±0.37 0.35±1.23 0.26±1.12 0.07±0.45 0.50±1.35 0.43±1.60 0.88±2.09 0±0
(0-0)
0.56±1.38 0±0
15thyear before death 0±0 0±0 0.39±1.37 0.29±1.08 0.45±1.28 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0
20thyear before death 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0 0±0
  1. Note: The timing of the ADL scores was coded to reflect the number of years before death (-20~0). In this table, we centered time to 0.The intercept (time=-20) thus represents 20 years before death