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Table 5 Risk of developing urinary tract infection and urosepsis according to individual FRAIL item positivity

From: Frailty increases the risk for developing urinary tract infection among 79,887 patients with diabetic mellitus and chronic kidney disease

Outcomes Crude Model A&
HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI
Urinary tract infection     
Fatigue 1.21 1.16–1.27a 1.06 1.01–1.12c
Resistance 1.30 1.12–1.51b 0.998 0.86–1.16
Ambulation 1.91 1.57–2.32a 1.17 0.97–1.43
Illness 1.81 1.74–1.88a 1.22 1.15–1.29a
Loss of weight 1.83 1.60–2.09a 1.02 0.89–1.16
Urinary tract infection with sepsis    
Fatigue 1.21 1.11–1.33a 1.35 0.95–1.14
Resistance 1.49 1.15–1.94b 1.03 0.79–1.34
Ambulation 2.93 2.17–3.95a 1.47 1.08–1.99c
Illness 2.43 2.25–2.63a 1.07 0.96–1.20
Loss of weight 2.82 2.29–3.46a 1.04 0.84–1.28
  1. & Incorporating all variables in Table 1
  2. a p < 0.001
  3. b p < 0.01
  4. c p < 0.05