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Table 3 Item loadings for the Chinese version of the Activity Subscale

From: Psychometric validation of the Chinese version of the PaArticular Scales among elderly residents in long-term care facilities with joint contractures

Item No. Item Factor 1: lower limbs Factor 2: upper limbs Factor 3: self-care
2 Stand up and change positions (e.g., sit down again from a standing position) 0.84 0.30 0.19
1 Stand up or sit down 0.82 0.28 0.26
3 Sit down or stand up as long as you need to 0.81 0.31 0.20
6 Slide from one bed to another independently or relying on a shifting board 0.74 0.38 0.36
4 Stop as long as you need to 0.73 0.01 0.48
5 Move from one seat to another without getting up completely 0.68 0.24 0.46
15 Move between the rooms in your apartment and adjacent hallways on the same floor 0.64 0.32 0.43
7 Carry or lift things from one place to another 0.60 0.57 0.35
16 Walk and move around inside unknown or unrecognized architectures 0.59 0.25 0.58
18 Use a privately owned automobile or cab as a mobile tool 0.55 0.20 0.54
9 Pick up a small object with hands and fingers (e.g., lifting a brush) 0.27 0.87 0.22
8 Make fine-tuning movements with hands (such as painting, closing buttons or tying shoelaces) 0.27 0.85 0.20
13 Pull an object towards you or push it away with your arms, hands and fingers (e.g., closing a gate or mosquito net or pushing away a table) 0.16 0.79 0.35
14 Use your fingers, hands and arms to twist (water) bottle caps or tie a pinafore or turn lock openers 0.32 0.79 0.22
12 Intentionally let go of things in your hands 0.10 0.77 0.43
10 Hold an object with both hands, such as holding a tackle 0.46 0.75 0.19
11 Take out money from an open wallet in the store to make a purchase 0.38 0.61 0.41
23 Independent diet-related activity (including opening cans, bagging, caps and the use of knives, spoons, forks) 0.24 0.56 0.54
21 Use the toilet (such as going to the shower room, putting on and taking off your clothes/diapers, or taking a bath) 0.38 0.29 0.76
24 Take care of your well-being and health independently (such as physical activity, use of medication, appointments for outpatient clinics) 0.30 0.32 0.75
17 Do you have difficulties moving independently with aids (e.g., wheelchair, walker, or stick) around the house or outside? 0.42 0.29 0.67
20 Look after your appearance and perform personal hygiene such as taking care of your nails, teeth, genitals, skin, face, and scalp 0.22 0.46 0.67
22 Undress from head to toe independently (e.g., zipping, tying belts and handling buttons, removing clothes) 0.32 0.35 0.66
19 Use public transport as a passenger, e.g., plane, train or bus 0.41 0.31 0.52
% of variance
Cumulative %
Eigenvalue
26.78 26.20 22.20
26.78 52.98 75.18
14.82 2.07 1.15