Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the participants (N = 243)

From: Psychometric validation of the Chinese version of the PaArticular Scales among elderly residents in long-term care facilities with joint contractures

Characteristics Mean   SD   Min–max
Number of joint contractures 1.94   1.22   1–6
Age (years) 72.38   11.91   65–97
Length of residency (months) 38.26   46.36   1–240
Body mass index (kg/m2) 22.33   3.42   12.12–34.73
Characteristics   n   %  
Contracture sites
  Upper limbs   36   14.81  
  Lower limbs   156   64.20  
  Upper and lower limbs   51   21.99  
Gender
  Male   156   64.20  
  Female   87   35.80  
Ancestry/ethnicity
  Min Nan   228   93.83  
  Hakka   9   3.70  
  Aboriginal   3   1.23  
  Mainland Chinese   3   1.23  
Education
  Primary and below   144   59.26  
  Junior high   57   23.46  
  Senior secondary   24   9.88  
  Higher   9   3.70  
  College/university and above   9   3.70  
Occupation
  Military   0   0  
  Management   6   2.47  
  Professional   18   7.41  
  Technical activities and assistant professional   0   0  
  Office and administrative support   36   14.81  
  Sales and service   0   0  
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and animal husbandry   12   4.94  
  Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media   57   23.46  
  Installation, maintenance, and repair   12   4.94  
  Production and labourers   69   28.40  
  Unemployed   33   13.58  
Marital status
  Married   57   23.46  
  Widowed   69   28.40  
  Divorced   33   13.58  
  Single   84   34.57  
Religion
  Buddhism   60   24.69  
  Taoism   138   56.79  
  Christianity/Catholicism   24   9.88  
  Atheist   15   6.17  
  Others   6   2.47  
Visitation frequency (weeks)
  0–1   174   71.60  
  2–3   54   22.22  
  4–5   9   3.70  
  6–7   6   2.47  
Chronic diseases
  Hypertension   75   30.86  
  Diabetes   60   24.69  
  Stroke   63   25.93  
  Cardiovascular disease   36   14.81  
  Cancer   0   0  
  Degenerative arthritis   54   22.22  
  Cataract   3   1.23  
  Glaucoma   3   1.23  
  1. SD Standard deviation