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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the older adults under hemodialysis experiencing different severities of elder abuse by family caregivers (n=367)

From: Structural equation model of affecting factors on elder abuse to patients under hemodialysis by family caregivers

Variable Subgroup Number (%) Severity of elder abuse by family caregivers
Low
1-75
Number (%)
Moderate
76-152
Number (%)
Extreme
153-228
Number (%)
Age (years) 60-65 143(39) 37(10.1) 103(28.1) 3(0.8)
66-70 102(27.8) 26(7.1) 75(20.5) 0(0)
71-75 65(7.7) 19(5.2) 46(12.6) 0(0)
76-80 36(9.8) 7(1.9) 29(7.9) 0(0)
81-85 16(4.4) 5(1.4) 11(3) 0(0)
85< 5(1.4) 2(0.5) 3(0.8) 0(0)
Sex Female 178(48.5) 50(13.7) 125(34.2) 3(0.8)
Male 189(51.5) 46(12.6) 142(38.8) 0(0)
Marital Status Single 5(1.4) 1(0.3) 4(1.1) 0(0)
Married 246(67) 47(12.8) 196(53.6) 3(0.8)
Divorced 11(3) 10(2.7) 1(0.3) 0(0)
Widow 105(28.6) 38(10.4) 66(18) 0(0)
Level of Education Illiterate 167(45.5) 19(5.2) 147(40.2) 1(0.3)
Reading and writing 52(14.2) 14(3.8) 37(10.1) 1(0.3)
Primary school 46(12.5) 11(3) 35(9.6) 0(0)
High school 70(19.1) 31(8.5) 38(10.4) 1(0.3)
University degree 32(8.7) 21(5.7) 10(2.7) 0 (0)
Number of Children No child 28(7.6) 19(5.2) 9(2.5) 0 (0)
1-3 92(25.1) 31(8.5) 58(15.8) 2(0.5)
4-6 175(47.7) 41(11.2) 133(36.3) 1(0.3)
7-9 61(16.6) 5(1.4) 56(15.3) 0 (0)
More than 10 11(3) 0(0) 11(3) 0 (0)
Occupation Unemployed 49(13.4) 2(0.5) 47(12.8) 0 (0)
Farmer 37(10.1) 9(2.5) 28(7.7) 0 (0)
Labor 20(5.4) 4(1.1) 16(4.4) 0(0)
Housewife 105(28.6) 23(6.3) 79(21.6) 3(0.8)
Employee 12(3.3) 7(1.9) 5(1.4) 0(0)
Retired 73(19.9) 24(6.6) 48(13.1) 0(0)
Self-employed 26(7.1) 13(3.6) 13(3.6) 0(0)
Disabled 45(12.3) 14(3.8) 31(8.5) 0(0)
Roommate Alone 50(13.6) 24(6.6) 25(6.8) 0(0)
With spouse 121(33) 41(11.2) 80(21.9) 0(0)
With children 81(22.1) 24(6.6) 57(15.6) 0(0)
With spouse and children 111(30.2) 7(1.9) 100(27.3) 3(0.8)
With others 4(1.1) 0(0) 4(1.1) 0(0)
Frequent hospitalization due to chronic illnesses Yes 270(73.6) 74(20.2) 192(52.5) 3(0.8)
No 97(26.4) 22(6) 75(20.5) 0(0)
Type of insurance Social security 129(35.1) 20(5.5) 107(29.2) 2(0.5)
Health services 149(40.6) 62(16.9) 86(23.5) 0(0)
Rural inhabitants insurance 63 (17.2) 13(3.6) 50(13.7) 0(0)
Others 26(7.1) 1(0.3) 24(6.6) 1(0.3)
Experience of hemodialysis (months) 24> 120(32.8) 15(4.1) 103(28.1) 2(0.5)
24-48 109(29.5) 42(11.2) 67(18.3) 0(0)
48< 138(37.7) 40(10.9) 97(26.5) 1(0.3)
Experience of Drug abuse Yes 44(12) 19(5.2) 25(6.8) 0(0)
No 323(88) 77(21) 242(66.1) 3(0.8)
Financial Adequacy Adequate 41(11.2) 20(5.5) 21(5.7) 0(0)
Average 168(45.8) 44(12) 122(33.3) 1(0.3)
Low 78(21.3) 13(3.6) 63(17.2) 2(0.5)
Not adequate 80(21.8) 19(5.2) 61(16.7) 0(0)
Ability of doing personal activities Completely 15(4.1) 2(0.5) 13(13.6) 0(0)
A lot 64(17.4) 16(4.4) 46(12.6) 2(0.5)
Average 145(39.5) 51(13.9) 92(25.1) 1(0.3)
Low 101(27.5) 23(6.3) 78(21.3) 0(0)
Not much 42(11.4) 4(1.1) 38(10.4) 0(0)
Need for daily care Very much 49(13.4) 5(1.4) 44(12) 0(0)
A lot 115(31.3) 30(8.2) 85(23.2) 0(0)
Low 121(33) 26(7.1) 93(25.4) 2(0.5)
Not much 65(17.7) 31(8.5) 32(8.7) 1(0.3)
Not at all 17(4.6) 4(1.1) 13(3.6) 0(0)
Having other chronic illnesses Yes 230(62.7) 63(17.2) 166(45.4) 1(0.3)
No 137(37.3) 33(9) 101(27.6) 2(0.5)
Head of family Yes 202(55) 56(15.3) 144(39.3) 1(0.3)
No 165(45) 40(10.9) 123(33.6) 2(0.5)
Membership in hemodialysis association Yes 297(80.9) 91(24.9) 204(55.7) 1(0.3)
No 70(19.1) 5(1.4) 63(17.2) 2(0.5)