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Table 2 Achieving recommended daily steps among older adults aged 60 years or above being associated with lower-extremity performance at baseline and follow-up

From: Is achieving 7,000 steps/day cross-sectionally and prospectively associated with older adults’ lower-extremity performance?

Baseline Better lower-extremity performance
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Not taking 7,000 steps/day 1.00 1.00 1.00
Taking 7,000 steps/day 2.63 (1.11, 6.22)* 2.53 (1.01, 6.34)* 4.35 (1.18, 16.01)*
One year follow-up Maintained or improved lower-extremity performance
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Not taking 7,000 steps/day 1.00 1.00 1.00
Taking 7,000 steps/day 3.14 (1.32, 7.48)* 2.89 (1.16, 7.24)* 3.53 (1.05, 11.84)*
  1. Note. *p < 0.05. OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval
  2. Model 1: Unadjusted model
  3. Model 2: Adjusted for sex, age, educational level, job status, marital status, living status, and body mass index
  4. Model 3: Adjusted as in model 2 and further adjusted for self-reported health, smoking status, alcohol consumption, balanced diet, hypertension status, blood lipid levels, diabetes status, depression status, sedentary time, and accelerometer wear time