Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the participants by anemia status; BEH program (n = 2426)

From: Association between anemia, physical performance and cognitive function in Iranian elderly people: evidence from Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) program

Variable Total (2426) Anemic (223) Non-anemic (2777) P-value
Mean age (years) 69.34 ± 6.39 69.16 ± 6.25 71.07 ± 7.43 < 0.0001
Female sex (%) 1545 (51.50) 108 (48.43) 1340 (48.25) 0.340
Marital status, n (%) Single 25 (0.83) 25 (0.90)  
Married 2248 (74.93) 167 (74.89) 2081 (74.94)  
Divorce 26 (0.87) 3 (1.35) 23 (0.83)  
Widow 701 (23.37) 53 (23.77) 648 (23.33)  
Mean hemoglobin concentration (g/dl) (SD) Males 15.06 ± 1.73 11.89 ± 0.95 15.41 ± 1.42 0.0001
Females 13.96 ± 1.56 11.14 ± 0.87 14.22 ± 1.33 0.0001
Mean BMI (kg/m2) Males 25.20 ± 4.01 25.20 ± 4.01 26.35 ± 4.00 0.003
Females 28.70 ± 5.33 28.26 ± 6.10 28.74 ± 5.26 0.365
Mean hand grip 22.16 ± 9.23 19.88 ± 8.19 22.39 ± 9.29 0.0001
Walking 4.57 m/s 6.68 ± 5.75 7.15 ± 4.03 6.64 ± 5.89 0.203
Positive for Hypertension 1818 (75.16) 178 (79.82) 1640 (74.68) 0.170
Positive for Diabetes 1228 (50.68) 118 (52.91) 1110 (50.45) 0.713
Positive Cognitive disorder, n (%)   1194 (39.80) 115 (51.57) 1079 (38.85) 0.0001
Smoking None 735 (30.32) 84 (37.67) 651 (29.58) 0.021
Past cigarette or hookah 1185 (48.89) 104 (46.64) 1081 (49.11)
current cigarette or hookah 504 (20.79) 35 (15.70) 469 (21.31)
Physical activity, n (%) Not active 155 (6.39) 25 (11.21) 130 (5.91) 0.001
Sedentary 1714 (70.71) 164 (73.54) 1550 (70.42)
Low active 397 (16.38) 22 (9.87) 375 (17.04)
Active 132 (5.45) 8 (3.59) 124 (5.63)
Very active 26 (1.07) 4 (1.79) 22 (1.00)
  1. For categorical and continuous data x2, and t-test were used respectively
  2. BEH Program Bushehr Elderly Health Program, BMI The body mass index