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Table 3 Clinical and demographic characteristics of participants

From: Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of PainChek® in UK Aged Care Residents with advanced dementia

Characteristics  
Mean age (SD), years
Median age (range), years
84.7 (5.6)
85.5 (74–95)
Sex, N (%)
Male
Female
5 (23)
17 (77)
Ethnicity, N (%)
White British
Black British
21 (95.5)
1 (4.5)
Baseline mean MMSE score, (SD), N = 22
Median MMSE (range)
5.78 (5.3)
4.5 (0–17)
End of study mean MMSE score, (SD), N = 20
Median MMSE (range)
3.6 (4.5)
2 (0–14)
Mean length of residency (SD), months at baseline
Median lengths of residency (range)
25.8 (25.5)
14.5 (3–83)
Diagnosis of dementia, N (%)
Alzheimer’s Disease
Mixed Dementia
Vascular Dementia
Other/Unspecified Dementia
Korsakoff’s Dementia
10 (45.5)
6 (27.3)
3 (13.6)
2 (9.1)
1 (4.5)
Diagnosis of pain conditions, N (%)
Arthritis
Osteoporosis
Osteoarthritis
Other musculoskeletal pain*
5 (22.7)
6 (27.3)
2 (9.1)
11 (50)
  1. * Other musculoskeletal pain included lower back pain, tendonitis, stress fractures and bed sores