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Table 2 Computed Tomography Assessment of sarcopenia

From: Sarcopenia as a predictor of mortality among the critically ill in an intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Muscles Measured Level Cut-off value/Definition
Moisey 2013 Skeletal Muscle Index L3 Males < 55.4cm2/m2
Females < 38.9cm2/m2
Hoogt 2018 Skeletal muscle area index L3 No definition of sarcopenia
Ji 2018 Skeletal muscle area index L3 Male < 40.8cm2/m2
Female < 34.9cm2/m2
Shibahashi 2017 Skeletal muscle area L3 Men < 45.2 cm2
Women < 39.0 cm2
Cho 2019 psoas cross-sectional area L3 Males < 5.45cm2/m2
Female < 3.85cm2/m2
Toledo 2018 Skeletal muscle area index L3 Male < 55.27 cm2/m2
Female < 40.13 cm2/m2
Kou 2019 Total psoas area L3 Male < 545mm2/m2 Female < 385 mm2/m2
Tanabe 2019 Masseter cross-sectional area 2 cm below the zygomatic arch in the axial plane Male < 438.6 (100.2) mm2
Female < 347.8 (87.5) mm2
Kaplan 2017 Skeletal muscle area index L3 Males < 52.4 cm2/m2
Female < 38.5cm2/m2
Ebbeling 2014 Psoas: L4Vertebral Index L4 inferior body < 50 percentile of PLVI(≤ 0.83)
Akahoshi 2016 Skeletal muscle area L3 caudal end Measured SMA < 80 % estimated SMA
Baggerman 2020 Skeletal muscle area index L3 Males < 41.6 cm2/m2
Females < and 32.0 cm2/m2
Hwang 2019 Skeletal muscle area index L3 Males < 55.4 cm2/m2
Females < 38.9 cm2/m2
Joyce 2020 Skeletal muscle area L3 Females < 110 cm2
Males < 170 cm2