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Table 1 Summary of Included Studies on sarcopenia Associated with Mortality among critically ill

From: Sarcopenia as a predictor of mortality among the critically ill in an intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/year Time of CT scan Country Design Study interval Male Cause of ICU Prevalence Samplesize Age/years Sarcopenia
Criteria
Outcome assessed Method
Moisey 2013 [10] On the day of admission USA retrospective cohort study 2009–2010 57 % Trauma 71.00 % 149 79 (72–85) SMI in-hospital mortality CT
Hoogt 2018[18] NA Netherlands retrospective cohort study 2013–2014 53.40 % Critically ill 42.4 %. 687 None SMI in-hospital mortality CT
Ji 2018 [35] Before ICU admission China retrospective cohort study 2012–2016 58.80 % Sepsis 26.00 % 236 ≥ 18 SMI 30-day survival CT
Shibahashi 2017 [17] On the day of admission Japan retrospective cohort study 2012–2016 69 % Sepsis 55.3 % 150 75 (68, 82) SMA in-hospital mortality CT
Cho 2019 [20] 1 day before admission Korea retrospective cohort study 2014–2017 61.40 % Critically ill 37.00 % 127 ≥18 TPA 1 year mortality CT
Toledo 2018 [19] Within 72 h or
more after ICU admission
Brazil retrospective cohort study 2010–2014 56 % Critically ill 38.30 % 99 61.6(13.5) SMI 30-day survival CT
Kou 2019 [21] Within 30 days of the first SBT  China retrospective cohort study 2013–2014 56 % Critically ill 31.30 % 96 73.0(63.0-80.8) TPA in-hospital mortality CT
Tanabe 2019 [33] Within 7 days of admission USA retrospective cohort study 2011–2014 51.40 % Trauma 22.00 % 327 77.8 (8.6) MCSA 1 year mortality CT
Kaplan 2017 [34] Within 2 days of admission USA retrospective cohort study 2011–2014 59.80 % Trauma 37.10 % 450 ≥ 65 years SMI 1 year mortality CT
Ebbeling 2014 [25] On the day of admission USA Prespective cohort study 2005–2010 57 % Trauma 50.00 % 180 ≥ 55 years TPA in-hospital mortality CT
Akahoshi 2016 [24] Before ICU admission Japan retrospective cohort study 2012–2015 55.90 % Trauma 29.70 % 84 None SMA 30-day mortality CT
Baggerman 2020 [11] CT scan between − 6 and + 2 days from ICU admission Netherlands retrospective cohort study 2013–2017 60 %  Sepsis 31.10 % 155 66.0(13.6) SMI in-hospital mortality CT
Hwang 2019 [22] CT scan at the admission USA retrospective cohort study 2012–2014 59 % Trauma 32.00 % 230 ≥ 55 years SMI in-hospital mortality CT
Joyce 2020 [23] Seven days prior to and one day after ICU admission Australia retrospective observational study 2018–2019 58.4 % Critically ill 67.70 % 279 63.7 (16.4) SMA 30-day survival CT
  1. Abbreviations: SMI skeletal muscle index; ROS retrospective observational study; PCS prospective cohort study; NA not available; SMA skeletal muscle area; TPA total psoas muscle area; MCSA masseter cross-sectional area; CT Computed Tomography