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Table 3 Detailed characteristics of met needs in analyzed clusters

From: Needs of older persons living in long-term care institutions: on the usefulness of cluster approach

Area Cluster 1
n = 83
Cluster 2
n = 87
Cluster 3
n = 72
 
1 Accommodation 73 (88%) 75 (86%) 69 (96%) NS
2 Looking after the home 77 (93%) 86 (99%) 72 (100%) 1 vs. 3 p = 0.031
3 Food 79 (95%) 84 (97%) 71 (99%) NS
4 Self-care 46 (55%) 61 (70%) 72 (100%) 1 vs. 3 p < 0.001
2 vs. 3 p < 0.001
5 Caring for someone else 1 (1%) 2 (2%) 1 (1%) NS
6 Daytime activities 27 (33%) 43 (49%) 48 (67%) 1 vs. 2 p = 0.030
1 vs. 3 p < 0.001
2 vs. 3 p = 0.036
7 Memory 24 (29%) 37 (43%) 50 (69%) 1 vs. 3 p < 0.001
2 vs. 3 p < 0.001
8 Eyesight/hearing/communication 37 (45%) 52 (60%) 52 (72%) 1 vs. 3 p < 0.001
9 Mobility/falls 37 (45%) 53 (61%) 63 (88%) 1 vs. 2 p = 0.045
1 vs. 3 p < 0.001
2 vs. 3 p < 0.001
10 Continence 33 (40%) 51 (59%) 69 (96%) 1 vs. 2 p = 0.015
1 vs. 3 p < 0.001
2 vs. 3 p < 0.001
11 Physical health 77 (93%) 82 (94%) 68 (94%) NS
12 Drugs 18 (22%) 25 (29%) 30 (42%) 1 vs. 3 p = 0.009
13 Psychotic symptoms 11 (13%) 17 (20%) 14 (19%) NS
14 Psychological distress 26 (31%) 33 (38%) 31 (43%) NS
15 Information 16 (19%) 31 (36%) 28 (39%) 1 vs. 2 p = 0.025
1 vs. 3 p = 0.008
16 Deliberate self-harm 3 (4%) 10 (11%) 10 (14%) 1 vs. 3 p = 0.038
17 Inadvertent self-harm 2 (2%) 5 (6%) 3 (4%) NS
18 Abuse/neglect 3 (4%) 1 (1%) 1 (1%) NS
19 Behavior 6 (7%) 10 (11%) 8 (11%) NS
20 Alcohol 3 (4%) 3 (3%) 2 (3%) NS
21 Company 23 (28%) 26 (30%) 31 (43%) NS
22 Intimate relationship 3 (4%) 3 (3%) 1 (1%) NS
23 Money/budgeting 40 (48%) 55 (63%) 59 (82%) 1 vs. 3 p = 0.002
24 Benefits 18 (22%) 26 (30%) 15 (21%) NS