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Table 2 Percentage of low subjective well-being by background characteristics among older adults in India

From: Distinguishing between household headship with and without power and its association with subjective well-being among older adults: an analytical cross-sectional study in India

Background characteristics LSWB
(%)
Chi-square
p-value
Headship status 0.001
 Nominal 58.0  
 Functional 22.8  
Age group (years) 0.001
 60–69 22.1  
 70–79 26.3  
 80+ 33.4  
Sex 0.001
 Male 22.0  
 Female 30.5  
Educational attainment 0.001
 Not educated 33.7  
 5 years or less 25.9  
 6–10 years 13.7  
 11+ years 12.0  
Marital status 0.001
 Not in union 30.0  
 Currently in union 21.1  
Children co-residing 0.001
 No 29.5  
 Yes 22.1  
Working status (last 1 year) 0.001
 Not working 31.0  
 Working 20.5  
 Retired 6.7  
Community involvement 0.001
 No 37.7  
 Yes 21.4  
Trust over someone 0.001
 No 41.6  
 yes 20.8  
Self-rated health 0.001
 Good 12.4  
 Poor 34.6  
Psychological distress 0.001
 Low 15.2  
 High 60.0  
Chronic morbidity 0.001
 No 21.0  
 Yes 26.4  
Disability 0.001
 No 14.8  
 Yes 28.4  
Wealth status 0.001
 Poorest 44.7  
 Poorer 31.7  
 Middle 17.4  
 Richer 11.8  
 Richest 7.7  
Religion 0.001
 Hindu 26.1  
 Muslim 26.5  
 Sikh 8.8  
 Others 22.4  
Caste 0.001
 Scheduled Tribe 31.0  
 Scheduled Caste 28.5  
 Other Backward Class 25.2  
 Others 19.0  
Type of residence 0.001
 Rural 25.1  
 Urban 22.5  
State 0.001
 Himachal Pradesh 11.0  
 Punjab 9.5  
 West Bengal 47.8  
 Orissa 26.8  
 Maharashtra 33.6  
 Kerala 11.5  
 Tamil Nadu 32.5  
 Total 24.3