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Table 1 Socio-economic and demographic profile of the study population in India

From: Distinguishing between household headship with and without power and its association with subjective well-being among older adults: an analytical cross-sectional study in India

Background characteristics Sample Percentage
Headship status
 Nominal 207 4.5
 Functional 4397 95.5
Age group (years)
 60–69 2903 63.1
 70–79 1254 27.2
 80+ 447 9.7
Sex
 Male 3342 72.6
 Female 1262 27.4
Educational attainment
 Not educated 1876 40.7
 5 years or less 985 21.4
 6–10 years 1381 30.0
 11+ years 362 7.9
Marital status
 Not in union 1670 36.3
 Currently in union 2934 63.7
Children co-residing
 No 1381 30.0
 Yes 3223 70.0
Working status (last 1 year)
 Not working 2504 54.4
 Working 1476 32.1
 Retired 624 14.6
Community involvement
 No 837 18.2
 Yes 3767 81.8
Trust over someone
 No 788 17.1
 yes 3816 82.9
Self-rated health
 Good 2137 46.4
 Poor 2467 53.6
Psychological distress
 Low 3667 79.6
 High 937 20.4
Chronic morbidity
 No 1748 38.0
 Yes 2856 62.0
Disability
 No 1382 30.0
 Yes 3222 70.0
Wealth status
 Poorest 1066 23.2
 Poorer 1005 21.8
 Middle 972 21.1
 Richer 873 19.0
 Richest 686 14.9
Religion
 Hindu 3650 79.3
 Muslim 327 7.1
 Sikh 423 9.2
 Others 203 4.4
Caste
 Scheduled Tribe 981 21.3
 Scheduled Caste 225 4.9
 Other Backward Class 1726 37.5
 Others 1673 36.3
Type of residence
 Rural 3298 71.6
 Urban 1306 28.4
State
 Himachal Pradesh 738 16.0
 Punjab 649 14.1
 West Bengal 584 12.7
 Orissa 544 11.8
 Maharashtra 660 14.3
 Kerala 636 13.8
 Tamil Nadu 792 17.2
Total 4604 100.0