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Table 5 Analysis of factors independently associated with Zarit Burden Index (12 items) in multivariable logistic regression

From: Profile and needs of primary informal caregivers of older patients in Belgian geriatric day hospitals: a multicentric cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total group (n = 388; ZBI ≥ 13 = 156) Adult children (n = 225; ZBI ≥ 13 = 91) Spouses (n = 111; ZBI ≥ 13 = 50)
ORadjusted (95% CI) p-value ORadjusted (95% CI) p-value ORadjusted (95% CI) p-value
PIC characteristics
 Living with the relative 1.75 (1.01–3.04) 0.045   
 Toileting -   0.51 (0.25–1.07) 0.077 -  
 Bathing 0.50 (0.28–0.88) 0.017 -   -  
 Difficulty to take leisure time or vacation 8.28 (4.77–14.37) <  0.001 7.44 (3.68–15.05) <  0.001 8.04 (2.93–22.02) <  0.001
 Subjective health status estimation   <  0.001   <  0.001   
  Poorer 1.00   1.00   1.00 0.173
  As good 0.16 (0.06–0.44)   0.20 (0.06–0.69)   0.31 (0.07–1.48)  
  Better 0.18 (0.09–0.35)   0.17 (0.08–0.40)   0.34 (0.07–1.10)  
Care recipients’ characteristics
 Behavioral disorders 3.63 (1.75–7.53) <  0.001 3.45 (1.40–8.53) 0.007 -  
 Mood disorders 2.39 (1.31–4.38) 0.005 2.43 (1.13–5.23) 0.023 4.70 (1.81–12.19) 0.001