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Table 1 Demographics and client characteristics of 1141 older adults receiving aged care services

From: Quality of life measurement in community-based aged care – understanding variation between clients and between care service providers

Characteristic n (%)
Gender
 Female 862 (75.5)
 Male 279 (24.5)
 Missing 4 (0.4)
Age
 Mean [SD] 81.5 [7.9]
 60–69 62 (6.0)
 70–79 368 (35.6)
 80–89 426 (41.2)
  ≥ 90 years 179 (17.3)
Relationship status
 Living with someone 388 (34.0)
 Living alone 506 (44.3)
 Missing 247 (21.6)
Country of birth
 English speaking country 684 (59.9)
 Non-English speaking country 457 (40.1)
Remotenessa
 Major city 902 (79.1)
 Inner regional 157 (13.8)
 Outer regional/remote 82 (7.2)
Socio-economic status
 1 (lowest) 119 (10.4)
 2 134 (11.7)
 3 79 (6.9)
 4 57 (5.0)
 5 57 (5.0)
 6 97 (8.5)
 7 36 (3.2)
 8 76 (6.4)
 9 107 (9.4)
 10 (highest) 383 (33.5)
Pension status
 Pension 980 (85.9)
 No pension 86 (7.5)
 Missing 75 (6.6)
Funding packageb
 Entry-level care 914 (80.1)
 More complex care 198 (17.4)
 Private/Veterans 7 (0.7)
Services
 ean number of services [SD] 1.37 [0.9]
 Mean service hours per week [SD] 5.1 [3.9]
Used servicec
 Day Centre 660 (63.8)
 Domestic Assistance 131 (12.7)
 Social Support 84 (8.1)
 Personal Care 54 (5.2)
 Shopping 53 (5.1)
 Respite Care 39 (3.8)
 Meal Preparation 28 (2.7)
 Outings 16 (1.5)
 Allied Health Therapy 9 (0.9)
 Medication Assistance 8 (0.8)
Service Type Clusterd
 Day Centre 844 (81.5)
 Social Support 151 (14.6)
 Outings 40 (3.9)
Number of ADLs needing helpe
 0 521 (50.3)
 1 37 (3.6)
 2 14 (1.4)
 3 5 (0.05)
 4 4 (0.04)
 5 4 (0.4)
 Missing 450 (43.5)
Number of IADLs needing helpf
 0 349 (33.7)
 1 93 (9.0)
 2 57 (5.5)
 3 55 (5.3)
 4 53 (3.2)
 5 17 (1.6)
 Missing 431 (41.6)
Number of unmet needsg
 0 157 (46.2)
 1 53 (15.6)
 2 24 (7.1)
 3 25 (7.4)
 4 8 (2.4)
 5 1 (0.3)
 Missing 72 (21.2)
Quality of life [SD] 0.81 [0.15]
Social Participation [SD] 3.58 [1.87]
  1. aAccessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia and Index of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage based on each person’s suburb or postcode if no matched suburb. bMore complex care defined by clients receiving Home Care Package, and entry-level care defined by clients receiving Commonwealth Home Support Package (CHSP). cTen most commonly used services only; other services used were nursing services, assessment, coordination and advocacy. dA profile of service types used by each cluster can be found in Additional file 1. eADLs consisted of bathing, dressing, eating, walking and toileting. Number refers to the number of assistance with ADLs fIADLs consisted of doing housework, getting backs, shopping, taking medicine, and handling money. Number refers to the number of needs of assistance with IADLs. gNumbers and percentage presented for the category “Has need and not provided by service” only