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Table 3 Association between change in successful aging status and depressive symptoms

From: Association between successful aging transitions and depressive symptoms among older Korean adults: findings from the Korean longitudinal study of aging (2006–2018)

Variables Depressive symptoms (CES-D10 ≥ 3)
Men Women
Adjusted OR 95 % CI Adjusted OR 95 % CI
Change in successful aging
 NSA→ NSA 1.16 (1.13 - 1.18) 1.15 (1.13 - 1.18)
 SA→NSA 1.11 (1.08 - 1.13) 1.11 (1.09 - 1.14)
 NSA→SA 1.03 (1.00 - 1.05) 1.06 (1.03 - 1.08)
 SA→SA 1.00   -   1.00   -  
Age
 45–54 1.00   -   1.00   -  
 55–64 0.96 (0.94 - 0.99) 0.98 (0.96 - 1.00)
 ≥ 65 0.96 (0.93 - 0.99) 0.97 (0.94 - 1.00)
Education Level
 Lower than middle school 1.10 (1.06 - 1.14) 1.11 (1.06 - 1.16)
 Middle school graduate 1.05 (1.01 - 1.09) 1.05 (1.00 - 1.10)
 High School graduate 1.04 (1.01 - 1.08) 1.03 (0.98 - 1.08)
 University graduate 1.00   -   1.00   -  
Income level
 Low 1.04 (1.02 - 1.07) 1.06 (1.04 - 1.09)
 Middle Low 1.04 (1.02 - 1.07) 1.03 (1.01 - 1.06)
 Middle High 1.01 (0.99 - 1.04) 1.01 (0.99 - 1.03)
 High 1.00   -   1.00   -  
Marital status
 Married 1.00   -   1.00   -  
 Unmarried 1.17 (1.13 - 1.20) 1.07 (1.05 - 1.10)
Economic activity
 Active 1.00   -   1.00   -  
 Inactive 1.10 (1.07 - 1.12) 1.06 (1.04 - 1.08)
Region
 Urban 0.98 (0.96 - 1.00) 0.99 (0.97 - 1.01)
 Rural 1.00   -   1.00   -  
Physical activity
 Yes 1.00   -   1.00   -  
 No 1.05 (1.03 - 1.07) 1.05 (1.03 - 1.07)
Drinking
 Current 0.98 (0.95 - 1.00) 0.97 (0.94 - 0.99)
 Past 1.04 (1.01 - 1.08) 1.01 (0.98 - 1.04)
 Never 1.00   -   1.00   -  
Smoking
 Current 1.00 (0.97 - 1.02) 1.08 (1.03 - 1.14)
 Past 0.98 (0.96 - 1.01) 1.00 (0.94 - 1.06)
 Never 1.00   -   1.00   -  
BMIa
 Overweight 0.96 (0.94 - 0.98) 0.99 (0.97 - 1.01)
 Normal 1.00   -   1.00   -  
 Underweight 1.09 (1.05 - 1.14) 1.02 (0.99 - 1.06)
Number of chronic diseases
 0 1.00   -   1.00   -  
 1 1.02 (1.00 - 1.05) 1.03 (1.01 - 1.05)
 ≥ 2 1.05 (1.02 - 1.08) 1.08 (1.05 - 1.10)
  1. Note: Adjusted for other covariates
  2. aBMI Body Mass Index