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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of eligible home care clients across trial sites, January–December 2016

From: Lessons learned implementing and managing the DIVERT-CARE trial: practice recommendations for a community-based chronic disease self-management model

Home Care Client Characteristics HNHB WH VIHA
n = 7709 n = 375 n = 1767
Demographics
 Age, yr (Median (Q1, Q3)) 83 (74–89) 80 (71–86) 86 (79–90)
 Sex, male 39.9% 37.6% 39.2%
 Lived alone 37.0% 44.9% 47.9%
  Lived alone w/ impaired cognition 22.7% 17.6% 35.4%
Health
ADL Impairmenta
 Independent/Supervision 50.0% 51.2% 61.8%
 Limited/Extensive 38.5% 38.4% 30.0%
 Maximal/ Dependent 11.5% 10.4% 8.3%
Cognitive Impairmentb
 Intact / Borderline intact 51.7% 71.2% 34.8%
 Mild / Moderate 44.5% 25.9% 59.0%
 Severe 3.8% 2.9% 6.3%
Number of Medications
 0–4 8.0% 3.2% 10.1%
 5–8 26.4% 31.7% 33.2%
 9 or more 65.6% 65.1% 56.6%
Any mood symptom 33.5% 29.1% 34.4%
Bladder incontinence 44.4% 36.8% 41.2%
Fall in last 90 days 51.9% 36.3% 42.6%
DIVERT Subgroupsc
 9 14.8% 25.1% 19.6%
 10 11.2% 22.1% 19.1%
 14 42.5% 34.9% 31.4%
 15 31.4% 17.9% 29.9%
Chronic Conditions
 Congestive heart failure 25.2% 29.3% 35.7%
 Stroke 21.9% 14.7% 22.8%
 Hypertension 71.8% 77.3% 67.4%
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 29.0% 40.3% 32.6%
 Diabetes 31.6% 40.3% 25.0%
 Dementia 19.3% 8.3% 35.8%
  1. Note: ADL Activities of daily living, Q1 Quartile 1, Q3 Quartile 3
  2. aADL Hierarchy Scale: Includes personal hygiene, locomotion, eating and toileting
  3. bCognitive performance scale, which measures the degree of cognitive impairment
  4. cDIVERT measures risk of future ED utilization