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Table 2 Associations between chemosensory disorders, dysgeusia and burning mouth sensation (BMS) and diseases and medication use. N = 223

From: Smell, taste and trigeminal disorders in a 65‐year‐old population

  Hyposmia Anosmia Hypogeusia Ageusia Dysgeusia BMS
  % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Cerebral hemorrhage
 Yes (n = 8) 50 (4) 0 (0) 63 (5) 25 (2) 13 (1) 0 (0)
 No (n = 215) 27 (58) 7 (14) 20 (42) 6 (13) 5 (11) 4 (8)
Heart attack       
 Yes (n = 14) 29 (4) 0 (0) 14 (2) 29 (4) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 No (n = 209) 28 (58) 7 (14) 22 (45) 5 (11) 6 (12) 4 (8)
Gastrointestinal disease
 Yes (n = 5) 20 (1) 0 (0) 20 (1) 0 (0) 20 (1) 40 (2)
 No (n = 218) 28 (61) 6 (14) 21 (46) 7 (15) 5 (11) 3 (6)
Antidepressant
 Yes (n = 8) 38 (3) 13 (1) 13 (1) 38 (3) 13 (1) 0 (0)
 No (n = 215) 27 (59) 6 (13) 21 (46) 6 (12) 5 (11) 4 (8)
Blood thinners
 Yes (n = 46) 28 (13) 7 (3) 30 (14) 15 (7) 7 (3) 4 (2)
 No (n = 177) 28 (49) 6 (11) 19 (33) 5 (8) 5 (9) 3 (6)
Antacid
 Yes (n = 19) 37 (7) 11 (2) 37 (7) 0 (0) 16 (3) 21 (4)
 No (n = 204) 27 (55) 6 (12) 20 (40) 7 (15) 4 (9) 2 (4)
Asthma medicine
 Yes (n = 14) 29 (4) 7 (1) 21 (3) 0 (0) 14 (2) 21 (3)
 No (n = 209) 28 (58) 6 (13) 21 (44) 7 (15) 5 (10) 2 (5)
Corticosteroids a
 Yes (n = 4) 25 (1) 50 (2) 25 (1) 0 (0) 25 (1) 0 (0)
 No (n = 219) 28 (61) 6 (12) 21 (46) 7 (15) 5 (11) 4 (8)
Hormone medication b
 Yes (n = 28) 14 (4) 4 (1) 4 (1) 0 (0) 11 (3) 0 (0)
 No (n = 195) 30 (58) 7 (13) 24 (46) 8 (15) 5 (9) 4 (8)
  1. Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test. p < 0.05 is marked with bold text
  2. aCorticosterioids exc. asthma and allergy medication
  3. bHormone medication incl. thyroid hormones