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Table 5 The RPE Borg Scale

From: Singapore multidisciplinary consensus recommendations on muscle health in older adults: assessment and multimodal targeted intervention across the continuum of care

Borg’s Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) Scalea
Perceived Exertion Rating Description of Exertion
6 No exertion; sitting and resting
7 Extremely light
8  
9 Very light
10  
11 Light
12  
13 Somewhat hard
14  
15 Hard
16  
17 Very hard
18  
19 Extremely hard
20 Maximal exertion
  1. aThe scale is a guide as to how much older persons can push themselves during the resistance-based exercises. Exercises can be stopped or modified when the participants report perceived exertion levels beyond 15 or “Hard” on the Borg scale [105]