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Table 3 Estimates of decomposition analysis for contribution of various explanatory variables for violence among older adults in India

From: Socio-economic inequality in the prevalence of violence against older adults – findings from India

Background characteristics Coefficient Elasticity CCI Absolute contribution % Contribution  
Age (years)
 60–69       
 70–79 0.06 −0.001 −0.014 0.000 − 0.1  
 80+ 0.51* 0.004 0.018 0.000 − 0.3 − 0.4
Sex
 Men       
 Women −0.05 − 0.001 − 0.033 0.000 − 0.2 − 0.2
Educational status
 None       
 Below 5 years 0.08 0.003 0.002 0.000 0.0  
 6 to 10 years − 0.23* − 0.003 0.260 − 0.001 3.8  
 11+ years −0.52 0.000 0.613 0.000 0.0 3.7
Marital status
 Not in union       
 Currently in union −0.24* −0.009 0.040 0.000 1.7 1.7
Living arrangement
 Alone       
 With spouse −0.37* −0.005 − 0.197 0.001 −4.7  
 With children −0.63* −0.038 0.089 −0.003 16.3  
 Others −0.81* −0.005 0.092 0.000 2.2 13.7
Working status
 No       
 Yes 0.23* 0.004 −0.174 −0.001 3.3 3.3
Contribute money for household expenditure
 No income       
 Yes −0.12 −0.003 −0.006 0.000 −0.1  
 No 0.16* 0.001 −0.054 0.000 0.3 0.2
Wealth quintile
 Poorest       
 Poorer −0.38* −0.012 − 0.338 0.004 −19.5  
 Middle −0.73* −0.018 0.139 −0.003 12.0  
 Richer −0.91* −0.017 0.523 −0.009 42.7  
 Richest −1.03* −0.016 0.760 −0.012 58.5 93.7
Religion
 Hindu       
 Muslim 0.03 0.001 0.146 0.000 −0.7  
 Sikh 0.37* 0.004 0.311 0.001 −6.0  
 Others 0.06 0.000 0.296 0.000 0.0 −6.7
Caste
 Scheduled Caste       
 Scheduled Tribe 0.01 −0.001 −0.444 0.000 −2.1  
 Other Backward Class 0.03 −0.001 −0.029 0.000 −0.1  
 Others 0.30* 0.012 0.219 0.003 −12.6 −14.9
Place of residence
 Rural       
 Urban −0.07 −0.001 0.247 0.000 1.2 1.2
State
 Himachal Pradesh       
 Punjab −0.05 −0.003 0.331 −0.001 4.8  
 West Bengal −0.50* −0.007 − 0.163 0.001 −5.5  
 Orissa −0.59* −0.008 − 0.368 0.003 −14.2  
 Maharashtra 1.29* 0.031 −0.125 −0.004 18.6  
 Kerala −1.06* −0.010 0.349 −0.003 16.8  
 Tamil Nadu −2.04* −0.015 −0.222 0.003 −16.0 4.5
Total      100.0 100.0
Calculated CI     −0.021   
Actual CI     −0.198   
Residual     −0.177   
  1. CCI Concentration index; *if p < 0.05; %: percentage