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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression model showing differences in symptom occurrence between the groups with and without dementia as a contributing cause of death (ref: no dementia) within the COVID group, adjusted for age categories (ref: oldest) and sex (ref: women)

From: Dying from COVID-19 in nursing homes-sex differences in symptom occurrence

  Dementia (ref: no dementia) Sex differences (ref: women) Age categories (ref: oldest)
OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value Age group OR 95% CI p value
Dyspnoea .64 .53–.78 < .001 1.42 1.15–1.73 .001 65–74 1.00 .61–1.63 .99
75–84 1.45 1.04–2.04 .030
85–94 1.09 .80–1.50 .57
≥ 95 Ref
Pain .91 .75–1.11 .36 1.07 .87–1.31 .51 65–74 1.15 .72–1.85 .56
75–84 1.16 .84–1.61 .37
85–94 1.05 .78–1.41 .74
≥ 95 Ref
Nausea .49 .35–.68 < .001 .55 .39–.78 .001 65–74 1.34 .55–3.22 .52
75–84 1.92 1.08–3.39 .026
85–94 1.64 .97–2.79 .07
≥ 95 Ref
Anxiety .89 .74–1.07 .23 1.08 .89–1.30 .44 65–74 1.03 .66–1.61 .89
75–84 1.23 .91–1.68 .19
85–94 1.07 .81–1.42 .63
≥ 95 Ref
Death rattles 1.05 .88–1.26 .60 1.47 1.22–1.78 <.001 65–74 .87 .56–1.34 .52
75–84 .98 .72–1.32 .87
85–94 1.01 .76–1.33 .95
≥ 95 Ref
Confusion 1.05 .84–1.31 .67 1.11 .88–1.39 .38 65–74 .76 .44–1.31 .33
75–84 .79 .55–1.14 .21
85–94 .95 .68–1.33 .76
≥ 95