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Table 1 Comparison between the COVID and the non-COVID group reported from nursing homes to the SRPC during 2020

From: Dying from COVID-19 in nursing homes-sex differences in symptom occurrence

  COVID-19 Not COVID-19 p value
Age in years – mean (range) 87 (65–107) 87 (65–108) 0.31
Men – n (%) 858/1994 (43%) 5431/13783 (39%) .002
Comorbidities (one person can have multiple comorbidities reported) – n (%) Heart disease 563/1994 (28%) 4778/13783 (35%) < .001
Dementia 974/1994 (49%) 6269/13783 (46%) .005
Cancer 143/1994 (7%) 2546/13783 (19%) < .001
Days in nursing home before death Mean (range) 850 (0–6910) 858 (0–31,986) .76
Median 603 547
Dyspnoea 583/1892 (31%) 2309/13293 (17%) < .001
Pain 1350/1938 (70%) 9668/13471 (72%) .05
Nausea 176/1831 (10%) 1405/12800 (11%) .08
Anxiety 1048/1873 (56%) 6800/12916 (53%) .007
Death rattles 1005/1954 (51%) 6273/13573 (46%) < .001
Confusion 433/1741 (25%) 2785/12385 (23%) .026
  1. Only expected deaths, based on the disease trajectory, were included. Comparison of occurrence of six symptoms during the last week in life between the COVID and non-COVID groups. Analysed with t-test and chi2-test