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Table 3 Comparison of physical function and QoL according to comorbidities in patients 6 months after surgery

From: Influence of comorbidities on functional outcomes in patients with surgically treated fragility hip fractures: a retrospective cohort study

Variable Hypertension Diabetes mellitus Chronic liver disease
(+) (−) (+) (−) (+) (−)
Koval’s grade 3.45 ± 2.01 2.96 ± 1.89 3.69 ± 1.94 3.07 ± 1.97 3.43 ± 2.23 3.27 ± 1.97
FAC 3.46 ± 1.25 3.75 ± 1.37 3.14 ± 1.30† 3.78 ± 1.25 3.57 ± 1.81 3.56 ± 1.28
FIM-locomotion 5.79 ± 1.17 5.68 ± 1.40 5.36 ± 1.53 5.89 ± 1.12 5.60 ± 2.07 5.76 ± 1.20
MRMI 31.88 ± 9.95 30.06 ± 13.17 27.27 ± 12.87* 32.69 ± 10.23 33.20 ± 8.70 31.06 ± 11.43
BBS 37.42 ± 15.86 35.53 ± 19.54 31.19 ± 18.80 38.82 ± 16.33 39.00 ± 19.46 36.56 ± 17.28
4MWT (s) 10.10 ± 9.62 10.24 ± 8.29 11.97 ± 13.32 9.58 ± 7.35 18.77 ± 25.22 9.57 ± 6.95
K-MMSE 19.65 ± 8.90 19.67 ± 10.16 17.73 ± 10.17 20.40 ± 8.99 23.40 ± 9.61 19.44 ± 9.35
GDS 6.58 ± 5.99 6.06 ± 5.83 8.48 ± 6.97* 5.60 ± 5.30 10.00 ± 4.58 6.17 ± 5.92
EQ-5D 0.66 ± 0.17 0.70 ± 0.19 0.63 ± 0.22* 0.70 ± 0.15 0.54 ± 0.21* 0.68 ± 0.18
K-MBI 80.03 ± 26.50 72.70 ± 34.66 68.43 ± 34.61 80.82 ± 27.26 83.00 ± 25.58 76.89 ± 30.26
K-IADL 2.09 ± 0.58 1.93 ± 0.60 2.24 ± 0.53† 1.93 ± 0.59 2.00 ± 0.79 2.04 ± 0.58
K-FRAIL 1.87 ± 1.07* 1.49 ± 1.08 2.06 ± 1.07† 1.57 ± 1.07 1.86 ± 1.07 1.73 ± 1.09
Variable Dementia Cerebrovascular accident Osteoporosis
(+) (−) (+) (−) (+) (−)
Koval’s grade 4.58 ± 2.20* 3.17 ± 1.92 3.36 ± 2.17 3.27 ± 1.95 3.48 ± 1.95* 2.72 ± 1.96
FAC 2.67 ± 1.61* 3.64 ± 1.24 3.41 ± 1.37 3.58 ± 1.29 3.44 ± 1.28 3.90 ± 1.31
FIM-locomotion 5.50 ± 1.38 5.77 ± 1.25 5.29 ± 1.60 5.79 ± 1.22 5.54 ± 1.34* 6.30 ± 0.77
MRMI 28.71 ± 13.19 31.37 ± 11.17 24.56 ± 15.87 31.88 ± 10.55 30.64 ± 10.92 32.54 ± 12.24
BBS 33.00 ± 20.00 36.99 ± 17.16 23.67 ± 24.02 38.08 ± 15.99 34.34 ± 17.01* 42.73 ± 16.88
4MWT (s) 10.25 ± 6.70 10.15 ± 9.31 9.24 ± 7.66 10.22 ± 9.23 11.57 ± 10.26† 6.47 ± 2.70
K-MMSE 15.43 ± 10.06 20.00 ± 9.27 12.78 ± 10.07* 20.39 ± 9.03 19.12 ± 9.48 21.04 ± 9.06
GDS 7.50 ± 5.82 6.30 ± 5.93 6.00 ± 7.07 6.42 ± 5.83 6.92 ± 5.96 5.00 ± 5.61
EQ-5D 0.58 ± 0.28 0.68 ± 0.17 0.67 ± 0.17 0.68 ± 0.18 0.67 ± 0.17 0.69 ± 0.21
K-MBI 65.86 ± 37.38 78.10 ± 29.36 59.33 ± 39.93 79.06 ± 28.38 74.49 ± 29.45 84.15 ± 30.63
K-IADL 2.43 ± 0.56* 2.00 ± 0.58 2.05 ± 0.69 2.03 ± 0.57 2.12 ± 0.55† 1.78 ± 0.61
K-FRAIL 2.25 ± 1.29 1.69 ± 1.06 1.68 ± 1.21 1.75 ± 1.07 1.85 ± 1.11* 1.44 ± 0.97
  1. Values represent mean ± standard deviation
  2. FAC Functional Ambulatory Category, FIM Functional Independence Measures, MRMI Modified Rivermead Mobility Index, BBS Berg Balance Scale, 4MWT 4-Meter Walking speed Test, K-MMSE Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, GDS Geriatric Depression Scale, EQ-5D EuroQol Five-Dimension, K-MBI Korean version of Modified Barthel Index, K-IADL Korean version of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, K-FRAIL Korean version of Fatigue, Resistance, Ambulation, Illnesses, and Loss of weight scale
  3. * p < 0.05, † p < 0.01