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Table 3 Characteristics of viscerally obese versus non-viscerally obese participants

From: Visceral fat area is the measure of obesity best associated with mobility disability in community dwelling oldest-old Chinese adults

  Not viscerally obese Viscerally obese P-value
(N = 303) (N = 286)
Mean visceral fat area (SD) / cm2 85.66 (26.22) 161.31 (31.45) < 0.001
Mean body mass index (SD) / kg/m2 20.66 (2.59) 26.02 (3.55) < 0.001
Mean waist circumference (SD) / cm 81.05 (8.57) 93.97 (7.96) < 0.001
Mean percent body fat (SD) / % 30.64 (7.16) 43.60 (5.80) < 0.001
Mobility disability (total score ≥ 4) 112 (37.0%) 172 (60.1%) < 0.001
 Mean Loco-Check score (SD) 3.00 (1.66) 4.04 (1.79) < 0.001
Mean age at test (SD) / years 87.73 (2.45) 87.88 (2.32) 0.45
Men 134 (44.2%) 99 (34.6%) 0.017
Level of education    < 0.001
 No formal education 99 (32.7%) 141 (49.3%)  
 Primary 153 (50.5%) 116 (40.6%)  
 Secondary and above 51 (16.8%) 29 (10.1%)  
Diabetes 68 (22.4%) 81 (28.3%) 0.10
Stroke 23 (7.6%) 28 (9.8%) 0.34
Heart diseases 56 (18.5%) 61 (21.3%) 0.39
Arthritis 71 (23.4%) 96 (33.6%) 0.006
Osteoporosis / hip fracture 40 (13.2%) 44 (15.4%) 0.45
Cognitive impairment 62 (20.5%) 78 (27.3%) 0.052
Sarcopenia (AWGS 2019) 247 (81.5%) 187 (65.6%) < 0.001
  1. Legend: Continuous variables were presented as mean (SD), while categorical variables were presented as N (%). SD standard deviation, AWGS 2019 Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019 consensus update