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Table 4 Distribution of chronic comorbidities in chronic patients > 65 years during the year of study overall and according to risk level by adjusted morbidity groups (AMG)

From: Chronic diseases in the geriatric population: morbidity and use of primary care services according to risk level

Chronic comorbidity
n (%)
Low risk
1628 (49.5)
Medium risk
1293 (39.3)
High risk
371 (11.2)
p
Anaemia 61 (3.7) 108 (8.4) 99 (26.7) < 0.01
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 3 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 0.5
Cirrhosis 52 (3.2) 124 (9.6) 34 (9.2) < 0.01
Gastrointestinal ulcer 40 (2.5) 31 (2.4) 19 (5.1) 0.01
Inflammatory bowel disease 6 (0.4) 15 (1.2) 4 (1.1) 0.04
Aorta aneurysm 2 (0.1) 19 (1.5) 18 (4.9) < 0.01
Ischaemic heart disease 43 (2.6) 140 (10.8) 102 (27.5) < 0.01
Dysrhythmias 173 (46.6) 254 (19.6) 85 (5.2) < 0.01
Hypertension 921 (56.6) 973 (75.3) 330 (88.9) < 0.01
Stroke 29 (1.8) 88 (6.8) 87 (23.5) < 0.01
Heart chronic failure 11 (0.7) 91 (7.0) 115 (31.0) < 0.01
Valvular heart disease 20 (1.2) 51 (3.9) 73 (19.7) < 0.01
Obstructive chronic pulmonary disease 47 (2.9) 130 (10.1) 91 (24.5) < 0.01
Asthma 60 (3.7) 92 (7.1) 20 (5.4) < 0.01
Arthritis 17 (1.0) 58 (4.5) 21 (5.7) < 0.01
Osteoarthritis 247 (15.2) 362 (28.0) 98 (26.4) < 0.01
Osteoporosis 347 (21.3) 365 (28.2) 94 (25.3) < 0.01
Dementia 57 (3.5) 90 (7.0) 56 (15.1) < 0.01
Epilepsy 17 (1.0) 24 (1.9) 16 (4.3) < 0.01
Parkinson 16 (1.0) 43 (3.3) 16 (4.3) < 0.01
Alcohol abuse 28 (1.7) 48 (3.7) 30 (8.1) < 0.01
Substance abuse 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1) 4 (1.1) < 0.01
Anxiety 260 (16.0) 278 (21.5) 69 (18.6) < 0.01
Depression 163 (10.0) 271 (21.0) 91 (24.5) < 0.01
Diabetes Mellitus 198 (12.2) 344 (26.6) 166 (44.7) < 0.01
Dyslipidaemia 839 (51.5) 840 (65.0) 258 (69.5) < 0.01
Obesity 241 (14.8) 333 (25.8) 109 (29.4) < 0.01
Thyroid disorder 275 (16.9) 292 (22.6) 92 (24.8) < 0.01
Renal chronic failure 5 (0.3) 32 (2.5) 91 (24.5) < 0.01
Glaucoma 111 (6.8) 130 (10.1) 44 (11.9) < 0.01
  Active neoplasia 36 (2.2) 137 (10.6) 122 (32.9) < 0.01
  Breast neoplasia 4 (0.2) 15 (1.2) 18 (4.9) < 0.01
  Prostate neoplasia 7 (0.4) 27 (2.1) 21 (5.7) < 0.01
  Colorectal neoplasia 2 (0.1) 22 (1.7) 14 (3.8) < 0.01
  Skin neoplasia 7 (0.4) 19 (1.5) 11 (3) < 0.01
  Lung neoplasia 4 (0.1) 8 (0.6) 14 (3.8) < 0.01
  Lymphoma 7 (0.4) 13 (1.0) 12 (3.2) < 0.01
  Bladder neoplasia 1 (0.1) 8 (0.6) 14 (3.8) < 0.01
  Leukaemia 1 (0.1) 10 (0.8) 8 (2.2) < 0.01