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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical-care characteristics of chronic patients > 65 years, overall and by sex and age groups

From: Chronic diseases in the geriatric population: morbidity and use of primary care services according to risk level

Variables n (%) Total
3292 (100)
Men
1125 (34.2)
Women
2167 (65.8)
p 66–75 years
1409 (42.8)
76–85 years
1239 (37.6)
>  85 years
644 (19.6)
p
Sociodemographic variables
 Agea 78.1 (8.1) 77 (7.5) 78.6 (8.2) < 0.01 70.31 (2.8) 80.82 (2.8) 89.87 (3.5) < 0.01
 Origin: Spain 2801 (85.1) 963 (85.6) 1838 (84.8)   1198 (85.0) 1046 (84.4) 557 (86.5)  
  Another European country 96 (2.9) 29 (2.6) 67 (3.1) 0.7 36 (2.6) 35 (2.8) 25 (3.9)  0.1
  Rest of the world 395 (12) 133 (11.8) 262 (12.1)   175 (12.4) 158 (12.8) 62 (9.6)  
Clinical-care variables
 Immobilized 286 (8.7) 68 (6) 218 (10.1) < 0.01 15 (1.1) 97 (7.8) 174 (27) < 0.01
 Institutionalized 154 (4.7) 35 (3.1) 119 (5.5) < 0.01 6 (0.4) 48 (3.9) 100 (15.5) < 0.01
 Primary Caregiver 218 (6.6) 58 (5.2) 160 (7.4) 0.01 16 (1.1) 75 (6.1) 127 (19.7) < 0.01
 Need for home support 77 (2.3) 20 (1.8) 57 (2.6) 0.12 4 (0.3) 25 (2.0) 48 (7.5) < 0.01
 Palliative Care 32 (1) 17 (1.5) 15 (0.7) 0.02 6 (0.4) 15 (1.2) 11 (1.7) 0.01
 Level of risk
  Low 1628 (49.5) 522 (46.4) 1106 (51.0)   885 (62.8) 516 (41.6) 227 (35.2)  
  Medium 1293 (39.3) 438 (38.9) 855 (39.5) <0.01 450 (31.9) 553 (44.6) 290 (45.0) <0.01
  High 371 (11.2) 165 (14.7) 206 (9.5)   74 (5.3) 170 (13.7) 127 (19.7)  
 Complexity indexa 11.2 (8.9) 12.2 (9.9) 10.7 (8.2) < 0.01 8.8 (6.6) 12.5 (9.6) 14.1 (10.3) < 0.01
  Number of chronic diseasesa 3.8 (2.1) 3.6 (2) 4 (2) < 0.01 3.4 (1.8) 4.2 (2.1) 4.3 (2.2) < 0.01
 Multimorbidity 2943 (89.4) 975 (86.7) 1968 (90.8) < 0.01 1204 (85.5) 1142 (92.2) 597 (92.7) < 0.01
 Polymedicated 1550 (47.1) 471 (41.9) 1079 (49.8) < 0.01 122 (8.7) 923 (74.5) 505 (78.4) < 0.01
  1. a \( \overline{\boldsymbol{x}} \) (SD)