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Table 1 Self-confidence to live alone and general characteristics of participants (N = 936)

From: Factors Related to Self-Confidence to Live Alone in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study

Variables Categories n (%) Mean ± SD Range
Self-confidence to live alone   6.59 ± 3.01 0–10
General characteristics
Age (years) 65–74 315 (33.7) 77.1 ± 5.44 67–96
75–84 533 (56.9)   
≥ 85 88 (9.4)   
 Sex Male 224 (23.9)   
Female 712 (76.1)   
 Educational level Uneducated 333 (35.6)   
Elementary school 304 (32.5)   
Middle school 143 (15.3)   
High school 121 (12.9)   
≥ College 35 (3.7)   
 Religion Yes 621 (66.3)   
No 315 (33.7)   
 Personal income <  980,000 KRW/month 837 (89.4) 612,511 ± 398,021 0–6,000,000
≥ 980,000 KRW/month 99 (10.6)   
 Participation in economic activity ≥ 3–4 times/week 241 (25.7)   
≥ 1–2 times/week 73 (7.8)   
≥ 1–2 times/month 5 (0.5)   
None 617 (65.9)   
 Wall cracks at home Yes 191 (20.4)   
No 745 (79.6)   
 Mould exposure at home Yes 279 (29.8)   
No 657 (70.2)   
  1. SD Standard deviation, IADL Instrumental activities of daily living, KRW Korean Won